Common Currency and Intra-Regional Trade in the Central African Monetary Community (CEMAC)
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.210521.001How to use a DOI?
- CEMAC, CFA franc, common currency, difference in differences, exchange rate, intra-regional trade, real effective exchange rate, threshold autoregression, WAEMU
We applied the threshold autoregressive and difference-in-differences techniques to examine the effects of adopting a common currency on bilateral trade flows between member states of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) customs union, over the period from 1980 to 2013. We found evidence of a sample split—a probable indication of the presence of a single threshold corresponding to the year 1994 when the Coopération financière en Afrique centrale (CFA) franc, a common currency, was introduced in CEMAC. Our results also show that the adoption of the CFA franc did not contribute to growth in CEMAC intra-regional trade. The results are robust in that they take into account country fixed effects and suggest a turning point after 1994, between the common currency and the flow of intra-regional trade. More generally, our results provide evidence against the claim that a common currency leads to increased intra-regional trade.
- © 2021 African Export-Import Bank. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Divine Ngenyeh Kangami AU - Oluyele Akinkugbe PY - 2021 DA - 2021/06/07 TI - Common Currency and Intra-Regional Trade in the Central African Monetary Community (CEMAC) JO - Journal of African Trade SN - 2214-8523 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.210521.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.210521.001 ID - Kangami2021 ER -