Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages 199 - 206

Predictors of past quit attempts and duration of abstinence among cigarette smokers

Authors
N. Layouna, b, c, *, nelly_layoun@hotmail.com, S. Hallitc, d, e, f, g, souheilhallit@hotmail.com, M. Wakedh, Z. Aoun Bachai, I. Godina, A. Levequea, M. Dramaixa, P. Salamehc, j
aResearch Center in Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Clinical Research, School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
bDoctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
cLebanese University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beirut, Lebanon
dSaint-Joseph University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beirut, Lebanon
eHoly Spirit University of Kaslik, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Kaslik, Lebanon
fOccupational Health Environment Research Team, U1219 BPH Bordeaux Population Health Research Center Inserm – Université de Bordeaux, France
gPsychiatric Hospital of the Cross, P.O. Box 60096, Jal Eddib, Lebanon
hDepartment of Pulmonology, St George Hospital University Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Balamand University, Lebanon
iDepartment of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Hotel-Dieu de France, Beirut, Lebanon
jLebanese University, Faculty of Medicine, Beirut, Lebanon
*Corresponding author at: Nada Bakhous Building, 1st Floor, Dekwaneh, Mount Lebanon, Lebanon. Tel.: +961 3520362.
Corresponding Author
Received 10 February 2017, Revised 29 May 2017, Accepted 28 June 2017, Available Online 4 July 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cigarette readiness to quit; Intention to quit; Quit attempt; Length of abstinence
Abstract

Objective: Despite the widespread awareness of the harms of smoking, millions continue to smoke around the world partly due to the difficulty it takes to quit smoking. Identifying the factors associated with making quit attempts is an essential pillar to reach successful quitting. The purpose of this study is to assess the factors associated with the past quit attempts and their past length of abstinence in a Lebanese sample of cigarette smokers.

Methods: This study was conducted between March 2014 and March 2015, involving 382 patients randomly chosen from 5 outpatient clinics in 5 hospitals in Lebanon. A standardized questionnaire was completed including socio-demographic characteristics, smoking behavior, chronic respiratory symptoms, Fagerstrom scale, Mondor scale, packaging perception, quitting behavior and readiness to quit ladder.

Results: Smokers who have chronic allergies (ORa = 2.45, p = 0.03), those who have ever stopped smoking for at least one month due to the warnings implemented on the packages (ORa = 4.6, p < 0.0001) and smokers with an intention to quit in 2 months (ORa = 2.49, p < 0.0001) had significantly more past quit attempts.

Results: Furthermore, longer quit attempts duration (more than 1 month) were significantly associated with low-nicotine dependent smokers (ORa = 0.56, p = 0.02), higher-motivated smokers (ORa = 1.85, p = 0.01), people with chronic allergies (ORa = 2.07, p = 0.02), smokers who have ever stopped smoking for at least one month due to the warnings (ORa = 3.72, p < 0.0001) and those with an intention to quit in 2 months (ORa = 1.98, p = 0.05).

Conclusion: The promoters of smoking cessation services should consider these factors when designing comprehensive tobacco control initiatives and in service planning.

Copyright
© 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
7 - 3
Pages
199 - 206
Publication Date
2017/07/04
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - N. Layoun
AU  - S. Hallit
AU  - M. Waked
AU  - Z. Aoun Bacha
AU  - I. Godin
AU  - A. Leveque
AU  - M. Dramaix
AU  - P. Salameh
PY  - 2017
DA  - 2017/07/04
TI  - Predictors of past quit attempts and duration of abstinence among cigarette smokers
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 199
EP  - 206
VL  - 7
IS  - 3
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003
ID  - Layoun2017
ER  -