Predictors of past quit attempts and duration of abstinence among cigarette smokers
- https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003How to use a DOI?
- Cigarette readiness to quit; Intention to quit; Quit attempt; Length of abstinence
Objective: Despite the widespread awareness of the harms of smoking, millions continue to smoke around the world partly due to the difficulty it takes to quit smoking. Identifying the factors associated with making quit attempts is an essential pillar to reach successful quitting. The purpose of this study is to assess the factors associated with the past quit attempts and their past length of abstinence in a Lebanese sample of cigarette smokers.
Methods: This study was conducted between March 2014 and March 2015, involving 382 patients randomly chosen from 5 outpatient clinics in 5 hospitals in Lebanon. A standardized questionnaire was completed including socio-demographic characteristics, smoking behavior, chronic respiratory symptoms, Fagerstrom scale, Mondor scale, packaging perception, quitting behavior and readiness to quit ladder.
Results: Smokers who have chronic allergies (ORa = 2.45, p = 0.03), those who have ever stopped smoking for at least one month due to the warnings implemented on the packages (ORa = 4.6, p < 0.0001) and smokers with an intention to quit in 2 months (ORa = 2.49, p < 0.0001) had significantly more past quit attempts.
Results: Furthermore, longer quit attempts duration (more than 1 month) were significantly associated with low-nicotine dependent smokers (ORa = 0.56, p = 0.02), higher-motivated smokers (ORa = 1.85, p = 0.01), people with chronic allergies (ORa = 2.07, p = 0.02), smokers who have ever stopped smoking for at least one month due to the warnings (ORa = 3.72, p < 0.0001) and those with an intention to quit in 2 months (ORa = 1.98, p = 0.05).
Conclusion: The promoters of smoking cessation services should consider these factors when designing comprehensive tobacco control initiatives and in service planning.
- © 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - N. Layoun AU - S. Hallit AU - M. Waked AU - Z. Aoun Bacha AU - I. Godin AU - A. Leveque AU - M. Dramaix AU - P. Salameh PY - 2017 DA - 2017/07/04 TI - Predictors of past quit attempts and duration of abstinence among cigarette smokers JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 199 EP - 206 VL - 7 IS - 3 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003 DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.003 ID - Layoun2017 ER -