Putting surveillance data into context: The role of health care utilization surveys in understanding population burden of pneumonia in developing countries
Present address: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA.
- 10.1016/j.jegh.2012.03.001How to use a DOI?
- Pneumonia; Comparative study; Patient acceptance of health care; Population surveillance; Health care
Background: Surveillance is essential to estimating the global burden of pneumonia, yet differences in surveillance methodology and health care-seeking behaviors limit inter-country comparisons.
Methods: Results were compared from community surveys measuring health care-seeking for pneumonia defined as: (1) cough and difficulty breathing for ⩾2 days; or, (2) provider-diagnosed pneumonia. Surveys were conducted in six sites in Guatemala, Kenya and Thailand; these sites also conduct, active, hospital- and population-based disease surveillance for pneumonia.
Results: Frequency of self-reported pneumonia during the preceding year ranged from 1.1% (Thailand) to 6.3% (Guatemala) and was highest in children aged <5 years and in urban sites. The proportion of persons with pneumonia who sought hospital-based medical services ranged from 12% (Guatemala, Kenya) to 80% (Thailand) and was highest in children <5 years of age. Hospitals and private provider offices were the most common places where persons with pneumonia sought health care. The most commonly cited reasons for not seeking health care were: (a) mild illness; (b) already recovering; and (3) cost of treatment.
Conclusions: Health care-seeking patterns varied widely across countries. Using results from standardized health care utilization surveys to adjust facility-based surveillance estimates of pneumonia allows for more accurate and comparable estimates.
- © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Download article (PDF)
View full text (HTML)
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Meredith Deutscher AU - Chris Van Beneden AU - Deron Burton AU - Alvin Shultz AU - Oliver W. Morgan AU - Shadi Chamany AU - Hannah T. Jordan AU - Xingyou Zhang AU - Brendan Flannery AU - Daniel R. Feikin AU - Beatrice Olack AU - Kim A. Lindblade AU - Robert F. Breiman AU - Sonja J. Olsen PY - 2012 DA - 2012/05/22 TI - Putting surveillance data into context: The role of health care utilization surveys in understanding population burden of pneumonia in developing countries JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 73 EP - 81 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.03.001 DO - 10.1016/j.jegh.2012.03.001 ID - Deutscher2012 ER -