Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages 176 - 184

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases among Bangladeshi Adults: Findings from a Cross-sectional Study

Authors
Fouzia Khanam1, *, , Md. Belal Hossain1, , Sabuj Kanti Mistry1, §, Kaosar Afsana2, Mahfuzar Rahman1,
1Research and Evaluation Division, BRAC, BRAC Centre, 75 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
2Health Nutrition and Population Programme, BRAC, BRAC Centre, 75 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh

Global Public Health and Policy, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

BRAC James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

§

Center for Primary Health Care and Equity, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Center for Injury Prevention, Health Development and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Corresponding author. Email: fouziakhanammary@gmail.com
Corresponding Author
Fouzia Khanam
Received 27 February 2019, Accepted 27 May 2019, Available Online 18 July 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, stroke, risk factors
Abstract

Ever rising prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) is a major challenge for the health sector in Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of CVD and sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with it in Bangladesh. The data were collected through a cross-sectional survey following a two-stage cluster random sampling procedure. The present analysis was performed among 12,338 respondents aged ≥35 years, selected from rural areas and urban slums. Information was gathered using a structured questionnaire, whereas measurements were taken using standardized procedures. Logistic regression with exchangeable correlation structure among clusters was executed to explore the association. About 30% of participants had hypertension, 5% diabetes, 20% obesity; 77% were either smokers or consumed smokeless tobacco, and 28% were physically inactive. The prevalence of CVD was 4.5% (stroke: 1.8% and heart diseases: 3.2%). After adjusting for potential confounders, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, extra salt intake, daily sleep, tiredness, age, gender, occupation, administrative division, and wealth quintile were found to be significantly associated with CVD. The study highlighted that the prevalence of CVD is high in Bangladesh, and its associated risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes are on the rise, especially in the older population, women, and high-income groups. Therefore, immediate public health intervention is warranted to address the issue.

Copyright
© 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
9 - 3
Pages
176 - 184
Publication Date
2019/07
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Fouzia Khanam
AU  - Md. Belal Hossain
AU  - Sabuj Kanti Mistry
AU  - Kaosar Afsana
AU  - Mahfuzar Rahman
PY  - 2019
DA  - 2019/07
TI  - Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases among Bangladeshi Adults: Findings from a Cross-sectional Study
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 176
EP  - 184
VL  - 9
IS  - 3
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001
ID  - Khanam2019
ER  -