Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases among Bangladeshi Adults: Findings from a Cross-sectional Study
- Fouzia Khanam1, *, †, Md. Belal Hossain1, ‡, Sabuj Kanti Mistry1, §, Kaosar Afsana2, Mahfuzar Rahman1, ¶1Research and Evaluation Division, BRAC, BRAC Centre, 75 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh2Health Nutrition and Population Programme, BRAC, BRAC Centre, 75 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh†
Global Public Health and Policy, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom‡
BRAC James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh§
Center for Primary Health Care and Equity, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia¶
Center for Injury Prevention, Health Development and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), Dhaka, Bangladesh*Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Corresponding Author
- Fouzia Khanam
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001How to use a DOI?
- Cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, stroke, risk factors
Ever rising prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) is a major challenge for the health sector in Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of CVD and sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with it in Bangladesh. The data were collected through a cross-sectional survey following a two-stage cluster random sampling procedure. The present analysis was performed among 12,338 respondents aged ≥35 years, selected from rural areas and urban slums. Information was gathered using a structured questionnaire, whereas measurements were taken using standardized procedures. Logistic regression with exchangeable correlation structure among clusters was executed to explore the association. About 30% of participants had hypertension, 5% diabetes, 20% obesity; 77% were either smokers or consumed smokeless tobacco, and 28% were physically inactive. The prevalence of CVD was 4.5% (stroke: 1.8% and heart diseases: 3.2%). After adjusting for potential confounders, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, extra salt intake, daily sleep, tiredness, age, gender, occupation, administrative division, and wealth quintile were found to be significantly associated with CVD. The study highlighted that the prevalence of CVD is high in Bangladesh, and its associated risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes are on the rise, especially in the older population, women, and high-income groups. Therefore, immediate public health intervention is warranted to address the issue.
- © 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Fouzia Khanam AU - Md. Belal Hossain AU - Sabuj Kanti Mistry AU - Kaosar Afsana AU - Mahfuzar Rahman PY - 2019 DA - 2019/07 TI - Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases among Bangladeshi Adults: Findings from a Cross-sectional Study JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 176 EP - 184 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190531.001 ID - Khanam2019 ER -