Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 10, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 107 - 111

Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes – Global Burden of Disease and Forecasted Trends

Authors
Moien Abdul Basith Khan1, Muhammad Jawad Hashim1, *, Jeffrey Kwan King1, Romona Devi Govender1, Halla Mustafa1, Juma Al Kaabi2
1Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
2Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
*Corresponding author. Email: physicianthinker@gmail.com
Corresponding Author
Muhammad Jawad Hashim
Received 26 June 2019, Accepted 27 October 2019, Available Online 8 November 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191028.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Diabetes mellitus type 2, epidemiology, disease pattern, prevalence
Abstract

The rising burden of type 2 diabetes is a major concern in healthcare worldwide. This research aimed to analyze the global epidemiology of type 2 diabetes. We analyzed the incidence, prevalence, and burden of suffering of diabetes mellitus based on epidemiological data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) current dataset from the Institute of Health Metrics, Seattle. Global and regional trends from 1990 to 2017 of type 2 diabetes for all ages were compiled. Forecast estimates were obtained using the SPSS Time Series Modeler. In 2017, approximately 462 million individuals were affected by type 2 diabetes corresponding to 6.28% of the world’s population (4.4% of those aged 15–49 years, 15% of those aged 50–69, and 22% of those aged 70+), or a prevalence rate of 6059 cases per 100,000. Over 1 million deaths per year can be attributed to diabetes alone, making it the ninth leading cause of mortality. The burden of diabetes mellitus is rising globally, and at a much faster rate in developed regions, such as Western Europe. The gender distribution is equal, and the incidence peaks at around 55 years of age. Global prevalence of type 2 diabetes is projected to increase to 7079 individuals per 100,000 by 2030, reflecting a continued rise across all regions of the world. There are concerning trends of rising prevalence in lower-income countries. Urgent public health and clinical preventive measures are warranted.

Copyright
© 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
10 - 1
Pages
107 - 111
Publication Date
2019/11/08
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191028.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Moien Abdul Basith Khan
AU  - Muhammad Jawad Hashim
AU  - Jeffrey Kwan King
AU  - Romona Devi Govender
AU  - Halla Mustafa
AU  - Juma Al Kaabi
PY  - 2019
DA  - 2019/11/08
TI  - Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes – Global Burden of Disease and Forecasted Trends
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 107
EP  - 111
VL  - 10
IS  - 1
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191028.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191028.001
ID  - Khan2019
ER  -