Cervical Cancer Care Continuum in South India: Evidence from a Community-based Screening Program
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191111.001How to use a DOI?
- Care continuum, cancer screening, follow-up rate, sort it
In India, cervical cancer screening is conducted at various levels; however, after screening, the adherence to the cancer care continuum is barely understood. This study evaluated a community-based cancer screening program conducted in a rural setting (Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts) in South India and reviewed the completion of care continuum. In this longitudinal descriptive study involving secondary data collection, data from the case records of 2192 women who were consecutively screened between March 2015 and May 2016 were included. All women underwent conventional cytology-based screening (Pap smear) and Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA). Those for whom either test was positive were referred for histopathological confirmation. Patients with confirmed precancerous conditions and unsatisfactory Pap smears were referred for further management. In total, 2192 women were screened [age range, 17–69 years; mean (standard deviation), 39.2 (8.5)]. Common symptom and sign were white discharge per vaginum (34.9%) and cervical erosion (34.4%), respectively. The VIA was positive for 24% (523/2178; 14 women did not cooperate for VIA) and 113 (5.1%) had epithelial cell abnormality in the Pap smear test. Per histopathology findings, one woman had non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. Seven, three, and four had cervical intraepithelial neoplasia I, II and III, respectively. Of 2192, 807 were eligible for referral (597 had positive results on either Pap or VIA). Among the 807 women referred, only 74 (9.2%) women visited the referral center. The follow-up rate was very poor accounting to fragmentation of care continuum. The success of the screening program depends on the completion of the care continuum.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - E. Vidhubala AU - K. Niraimathi AU - Hemant Deepak Shewade AU - Sankar Mahadevan PY - 2019 DA - 2019/11 TI - Cervical Cancer Care Continuum in South India: Evidence from a Community-based Screening Program JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 28 EP - 35 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191111.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191111.001 ID - Vidhubala2019 ER -