Evaluation of Noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitoring in the PACU of a Low Resource Kenyan Hospital
Additional information: Adjunct Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.200203.001How to use a DOI?
- Respiratory volume monitor, post-anesthesia care unit, opioid-induced respiratory depression, respiratory monitoring, respiratory physiology, proactive care
This research aims to evaluate the use of the noninvasive respiratory volume monitor (RVM) compared to the standard of care (SOC) in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) of Kijabe Hospital, Kenya. The RVM provides real-time measurements for quantitative monitoring of non-intubated patients. Our evaluation was focused on the incidence of postoperative opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD). The RVM cohort (N = 50) received quantitative OIRD assessment via the RVM, which included respiratory rate, minute ventilation, and tidal volume. The SOC cohort (N = 46) received qualitative OIRD assessment via patient monitoring with oxygenation measurements (SpO2) and physical examination. All diagnosed cases of OIRD were in the RVM cohort (9/50). In the RVM cohort, participants stayed longer in the PACU and required more frequent airway maneuvers and supplemental oxygen, compared to SOC (all p < 0.05). The SOC cohort may have had fewer diagnoses of OIRD due to the challenging task of distinguishing hypoventilation versus OIRD in the absence of quantitative data. To account for the higher OIRD risk with general anesthesia (GA), a subgroup analysis was performed for only participants who underwent GA, which showed similar results. The use of RVM for respiratory monitoring of OIRD may allow for more proactive care.
- © 2020 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Kendall J. Burdick AU - Muchai Stephen Thuo AU - Xiaoke Sarah Feng AU - Matthew S. Shotwell AU - Joseph J. Schlesinger PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02 TI - Evaluation of Noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitoring in the PACU of a Low Resource Kenyan Hospital JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 236 EP - 243 VL - 10 IS - 3 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.200203.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.200203.001 ID - Burdick2020 ER -