Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Articles in Press

Corrigendum

Corrigendum to “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Community Pharmacists toward Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” [J Epidemiol Glob Health, 10(1), Pages 86–95]

Souheil Hallit, Rouba Karen Zeidan, Sylvia Saade, Aline Hajj, Rabih Hallit, Charbel Yahchouchy, Nelly Kheir, Katia Iskandar, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 June 2020
Research Article

Estimating Catastrophic Costs due to Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Bangladesh

Anita Sharif Chowdhury, Md Shakil Ahmed, Sayem Ahmed, Fouzia Khanam, Fariha Farjana, Saifur Reza, Shayla Islam, Akramul Islam, Jahangir A.M. Khan, Mahfuzar Rahman
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 7 June 2020
To eliminate TB from the country by the year 2030, the Bangladesh National Tuberculosis (TB) Program is providing free treatment to the TB patients since 1993. However, the patients are still to make Out-of-their Pocket (OOP) payment, particularly before their enrollment Directly Observed Treatment Short-course...
Research Article

The Epidemiology of HIV in Oman, 1984–2018: A Nationwide Study from the Middle East

Ali Elgalib, Samir Shah, Adil Al-Wahaibi, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Maha Al-Fouri, Richard Lau, Hanan Al-Kindi, Bader Al-Rawahi, Seif Al-Abri
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 30 January 2020
We used population-based data on all diagnosed people living with Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) reported to the National AIDS Programme in 1984–2018 to describe the HIV epidemiology in Oman. A total of 3060 Omanis were diagnosed with HIV from 1984 to 2018. The proportions of new infections attributed...
Review Article

An Evaluation of Health Policy Implementation for Hajj Pilgrims in Indonesia

Rustika Rustika, Ratih Oemiati, Al Asyary, Tety Rachmawati
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 20 April 2020
Background: For last decades, the mortality rate of hajj pilgrims from Indonesia was between 2.1 and 3.2 per 1000 hajj pilgrims. At the same time, morbidity affected 87% of the elderly (>65 years old), of which 83% faced high risk of health problems. This is a complex problem affecting hajj health...
Research Article

Prevalence and Incidence of Low Back Pain in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Systematic Review

Mai A. Aldera, Caroline M. Alexander, Alison H. McGregor
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 24 April 2020
Study Design: A systematic review. Objective: To identify published studies that assess the prevalence and incidence of Low Back Pain (LBP) in the Saudi Arabian population. Methods: Six electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 1995 and December 2018. Crosssectional...
Research Article

Assessment of Local Health Worker Attitudes toward International Medical Volunteers in Low- and Middle-income Countries: A Global Survey

Crystal Bae, Nehal Naik, Monika Misak, Sean L. Barnes, Avelino C. Verceles, Alfred Papali, Michael T. McCurdy, Lia I. Losonczy
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 June 2020
Background: International Medical Volunteers (IMVs) positively and negatively impact host countries, and the goals of their trips may not always align with the interests of the hosts in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). We sought to better understand local physicians’ interest of hosting IMVs...
Research Article

Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Epidemiology of Food-borne Botulism in Iran

Mohammad Reza Montazer Khorasan, Mohammad Rahbar, Abed Zahedi Bialvaei, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Fereshte Shahcheraghi, Babak Eshrati
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 25 May 2020
Background: Botulism is a severe neuroparalytic disease caused by toxins produced by several Clostridium species. This work presents the surveillance results of botulism in Iran, with the distribution of the cases by regions and by vehicle of transmission. Methods: We describe the findings of the Centers...
Research Article

Evaluation of Noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitoring in the PACU of a Low Resource Kenyan Hospital

Kendall J. Burdick, Muchai Stephen Thuo, Xiaoke Sarah Feng, Matthew S. Shotwell, Joseph J. Schlesinger
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 21 February 2020
This research aims to evaluate the use of the noninvasive respiratory volume monitor (RVM) compared to the standard of care (SOC) in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) of Kijabe Hospital, Kenya. The RVM provides real-time measurements for quantitative monitoring of non-intubated patients. Our evaluation...
Research Article

Epidemiological Profile of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Patients with Digestive Symptoms in Algeria

Houria Kasmi, Koula Doukani, Ahmed Ali, Souhila Tabak, Hasna Bouhenni
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 19 June 2020
Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Algerian patients with peptic disorders and evaluate the impact of different epidemiological factors (age, sex, sampling site, presence or absence of H. pylori, and type of pathology related to this...
Research Article

Estimated Number of People who Inject Drugs in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: Findings from a Two-survey Capture–Recapture Population Size Estimation Exercise

Nghia Van Khuu, Phuc Duy Nguyen, Giang Tong Le, Hoa Thi Yen Luong, Van Thi Thu Tieu, Hau Phuc Tran, Thuong Vu Nguyen, Meade Morgan, Abu S. Abdul-Quader
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 19 June 2020
Background: HIV/AIDS program managers in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam have always relied on the police reports and the UNAIDS Estimation and Projection Package for population size estimation of People Who Inject Drugs (PWID). Methods: We used Respondent-driven Sampling (RDS) to implement a two-source...
Research Article

Dietary Intakes, Patterns, and Determinants of Children Under 5 Years from Marginalized Communities in Odisha: A Cross-sectional Study

Shantanu Sharma, Faiyaz Akhtar, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Sunil Mehra
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 25 May 2020
Pre-school age (3–5 years) children are vulnerable to malnutrition due to poor dietary intake, dietary habits, and socio-economic conditions. Children from marginalized families are more vulnerable than non-marginalized families due to limited access to health- and nutrition-related services, besides...
Letter to Editor

Do “Disease Awareness Days” Work? A 5-Year Investigation Using Google Trends

Giuseppe Lippi, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Gianfranco Cervellin
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 21 February 2020
Research Article

Does Being Transported by Emergency Medical Services Improve Compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Bundle and Mortality Rate? A Retrospective Cohort Study

Faisal Alhusain, Hanin Alsuwailem, Alanoud Aldrees, Ahad Bugis, Sarah Alzuhairi, Sami Alsulami, Yaseen Arabi, Nawfal Aljerian
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 31 December 2019
Background: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between patients with severe sepsis or septic shock being transported to the Emergency Department (ED) by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and the compliance with the 3-h sepsis resuscitation bundle [Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC)], and to...
Research Article

Geographic, Subject, and Authorship Trends among LMIC-based Scientific Publications in High-impact Global Health and General Medicine Journals: A 30-Month Bibliometric Analysis

Marium Ghani, Rowan Hurrell, Avelino C. Verceles, Michael T. McCurdy, Alfred Papali
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 April 2020
The globalization of medical research and global health’s increasing popularity worldwide have resulted in greater geographic, ethnic, and socioeconomic diversity of studies published in the scientific literature. Yet the geographic distribution, authorship representation, and subject trends among Low-/Low-Middle-Income...
Research Article

Improved Access to Diagnostics for Rhodesian Sleeping Sickness around a Conservation Area in Malawi Results in Earlier Detection of Cases and Reduced Mortality

Marshal Lemerani, Fredrick Jumah, Paul Bessell, Sylvain Biéler, Joseph Mathu Ndung’u
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 27 March 2020
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense Human African Trypanosomiasis (rHAT) is a zoonotic disease transmitted by tsetse flies from wild and domestic animals. It presents as an acute disease and advances rapidly into a neurological form that can only be treated with melarsoprol, which is associated with a high...
Research Article

HIV Prevalence, Risk Factors for Infection, and Uptake of Prevention, Testing, and Treatment among Female Sex Workers in Namibia

Anna Jonas, Sadhna V. Patel, Frieda Katuta, Andrew D. Maher, Karen M. Banda, Krysta Gerndt, Ismelda Pietersen, Neia Menezes de Prata, Nicholus Mutenda, Tuli Nakanyala, Esme Kisting, Brown Kawana, Ann-Marie Nietschke, Dimitri Prybylski, Willi McFarland, David W. Lowrance
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 19 June 2020
Background: In most settings, Female Sex Workers (FSW) bear a disproportionate burden of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease worldwide. Representative data to inform the development of behavioral and biomedical interventions for FSW in Namibia have not been published. Objectives: Our objectives...
Review Article

The Increasing Trends in Cases of the Most Common Cancers in Saudi Arabia

Eman Chaudhri, Weam Fathi, Fazal Hussain, Shahrukh K. Hashmi
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 22 May 2020
Background: Cancer epidemiology in Saudi Arabia (SA) differs from that of the USA with respect to types of common malignancies. Hematologic malignancies are among the top five cancers prevalent in SA, including lymphoma and leukemia. Most common malignancies in SA also include breast, thyroid, and colorectal...
Research Article

Magnitude and Reasons for Gaps in Tuberculosis Diagnostic Testing and Treatment Initiation: An Operational Research Study from Dakshina Kannada, South India

Imaad Mohammed Ismail, Akshaya Kibballi Madhukeshwar, Poonam Ramesh Naik, Badarudeen Mohammad Nayarmoole, Srinath Satyanarayana
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 23 May 2020
Background: In India, ensuring all Persons with Presumptive TB (PPTB) undergo TB diagnostic tests and initiating all diagnosed TB patients on treatment are two major implementation challenges. Objectives: In a coastal district of Karnataka state, South India, to (1) determine the number and proportion...
Perspective

Establishing Medical Coverage and Epidemiological Surveillance during the Grand Magal of Touba in Senegal: A Public Health Need

Cheikh Sokhna, Balla Mbacké Mboup, Ndiaw Goumbala, Mamadou Dieng, Ahmadou Bamba Sylla, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 26 June 2020
The Grand Magal is a religious pilgrimage that takes place in Senegal. An estimated 4–5 million individuals yearly gather in the holy city of Touba. Pilgrims comes from the whole Senegal and surrounding countries and from countries outside of Africa where Mouride Senegalese emigrated. It is the largest...
Research Article

Extraintestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Middle Eastern Patients

Heba Adam, Maryam Alqassas, Omar I. Saadah, Mahmoud Mosli
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 12 April 2020
Background and Aims: The Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs), Crohn’s Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), are gastrointestinal autoimmune disorders with many Extraintestinal Manifestations (EIMs). Previously reported incidences of EIMs in IBD patients have ranged from 10% to 50%. The large variation...