Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Physical Education, Sport, and Health (ACPES 2019)

Determinants of Drug-resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Indonesia

Authors
Mahalul Azam, Ucu Yulia, Muhamad Zakki Saefurrohim, Arulita Ika Fibriana
Corresponding Author
Mahalul Azam
Available Online November 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/acpes-19.2019.68How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Determinant, drug-resistant, tuberculosis
Abstract
Indonesia ranked 6th from countries with the highest burden of drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). A rate of 1.9% of new cases develop to be resistant and even 12% from previous treated cases. Previous studies concluded determinants of drug-resistant PTB, however, the study in Indonesia, especially in the scope of hospitals is still limited. Our study aims to explore the determinant of drug-resistant PTB in Dr. Kariadi General Hospital. We conducted a case-control study, using data from medical records. A sample of 76 cases and 76 controls have met the criterion and were involved in the study. The status of drug-resistant cases determined by rapid molecular test. We observed the subject’s characteristics and determinants of drug-resistant PTB. Study shows that there is no significant difference in the subject’s characteristics, i.e. age, sex, level of education, and working status between the group of cases and controls. Chi-square analysis shows that history of previous treatment, HIV infection, drug side-effects status, Acid-Fast Bacilli (AFB) gradation, and duration of treatment were related to drug-resistant pulmonary TB. After conducted Binary Logistic Regression, we concluded that history of treatment (OR=24.3; 95%CI: 8.49-69.33) and AFB gradation (OR=13.8; 95% CI: 2.76-68.60) altogether as dominant determinants of drug-resistant PTB.
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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Mahalul Azam
AU  - Ucu Yulia
AU  - Muhamad Zakki Saefurrohim
AU  - Arulita Ika Fibriana
PY  - 2019/11
DA  - 2019/11
TI  - Determinants of  Drug-resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Indonesia
BT  - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Physical Education, Sport, and Health (ACPES 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 301
EP  - 304
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/acpes-19.2019.68
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/acpes-19.2019.68
ID  - Azam2019/11
ER  -