Radicalism Phenomenon at Higher Educational Institution in Aceh: Risks and Recommendation
Effendi Hasan, Ubaidullah Ubaidullah, Cut Maya Sari, Ardiansyah Ardiansyah
Available Online January 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/agc-18.2019.40How to use a DOI?
- phenomenon, radicalism, higher education, Aceh
- Radicalism is a phenomenon which becomes a discourse in the community life in Indonesia. The existence of this phenomenon is becoming a threat not only for state stability but also to sustainability for social life of the people. In its development, radicalism spread over higher educational institutions and targetting college students as the target for radicalism ideology. College students are seen as critical elements of community and are capable to represent other community members to address social problems and changes. They are also in productive ages where they try to find self-identity and easy to be influenced. This is a qualitative research using the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and depth interview implementation. FGD had been done in four locations with four college students groups from four different universities that are Gajah Putih University in Takengon, Al Muslim University in Bireun, Malikussaleh University in Lhokseumawe, and Syiah Kuala Univesity in Banda Aceh. The data gained were analyzed using the perspective of radicalism theory by Schmid (2013) and Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) by Fishbein and Ajzen (1975). This research is intended to explore the radicalism tendency among college students of some universities in Aceh Province, to determine level of radicalism and generate new deradicalization program particularly in the level of universities. Based on the result of the research which has been conducted, we found that radicalism among universities students in Aceh is still at the micro level which is the lowest level in radicalism hierarchy. The radicalism tendency can be seen in beliefs, attitude, intention, and behavior shown by the students. This research recommends two deradicalization programs for the stakeholders at the university level to concern about, that are Monitoring Program for additional organizations in campus (extra campus organizations) and nationalism character curriculum in each faculty at the universities.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Effendi Hasan AU - Ubaidullah Ubaidullah AU - Cut Maya Sari AU - Ardiansyah Ardiansyah PY - 2019/01 DA - 2019/01 TI - Radicalism Phenomenon at Higher Educational Institution in Aceh: Risks and Recommendation BT - Proceedings of the 1st Aceh Global Conference (AGC 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 246 EP - 253 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/agc-18.2019.40 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/agc-18.2019.40 ID - Hasan2019/01 ER -