Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Architecture: Heritage, Traditions and Innovations (AHTI 2019)

The Rock-Hewn Churches of the Garalta Monasteries (Tigray, Ethiopia): the Comparative Analysis of Three Monuments of the Second Half of the 13th to the First Half of the 15th Centuries

Authors
Sergey Klyuev
Corresponding Author
Sergey Klyuev
Available Online June 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahti-19.2019.24How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Ethiopia; Tigray; rock-hewn; churches; Garalta; monasteries
Abstract
In the focus of this article there are three large monastic churches, carved out in the rocks of Garalta in Ethiopian region of Tigray: Maryam Dabra Qorqor, Maryam Dabra Tsion and Giyorgis Dabra Maar. Their creation dates back to the period from the second half of the 13th century (the dating of the church in Qorqor) to the first half of the 15th century (the dating of the church in Debre Maar). In many ways, these monuments are significantly different from each other: both in the different interpretation of the basilica plan and the forms and features of the decoration placement. According to hagiographic sources, each of these monuments is associated with the names of remarkable devotees. The article provides a comparative analysis of the architectural features of these three monuments, reveals their relationship with each other. The article also considers their relation to the local tradition of Aksumite architecture, innovative trends. The influence of these monuments on other rock-hewn churches of Tigray is also noted.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
June 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-740-9
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahti-19.2019.24How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Sergey Klyuev
PY  - 2019/06
DA  - 2019/06
TI  - The Rock-Hewn Churches of the Garalta Monasteries (Tigray, Ethiopia): the Comparative Analysis of Three Monuments of the Second Half of the 13th to the First Half of the 15th Centuries
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 117
EP  - 122
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahti-19.2019.24
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahti-19.2019.24
ID  - Klyuev2019/06
ER  -