Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Architecture: Heritage, Traditions and Innovations (AHTI 2019)

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95 articles
Proceedings Article

The Architecture of Postmodernism in Japan: the Main Features

Nina Konovalova
The architecture of postmodernism, as a western invention, was received with great interest in Japan. Of the huge number of materials, creative means, images and symbols that could be seen in the postmodern works by Western architects, Japanese masters did not take any interest in a particular school...
Proceedings Article

Constructing Conception of Ancient Chinese Building Group Space

Xiaofei Chen, Ling Zhao
The traditional ancient Chinese building group is composed of individual buildings laid in accordance with the azimuth, orientation, axis and hierarchical order. The plane features of the group space are characterized by axis extension, multi-path expansion, and layer-by-layer progression; the three-dimensional...
Proceedings Article

Inventing "Modern Architecture": Government and Social Order in the USSR in 1930s

Alexandra Selivanova
This paper describes the use of architecture as an instrument of propaganda and symbolic representation of the government doctrines, which achieved a particular acuteness during the interwar period in the USSR. The system of governing the art world by the state created in those years retained its influence...
Proceedings Article

The Central Part of the Neva River and Its Role in St. Petersburg of Peter's Time

Andrey Ukhnalev
On the basis of analyzing the panoramas of St. Petersburg of Peter's time, this paper gives the town-planning characteristic of the city’s central space — the waters of the Neva against Peter and Paul fortress. The character of the spatiality of Petersburg of Peter's time gives grounds for the stylistic...
Proceedings Article

Architect Kurt Frick (1884-1963): Aspects of Interwar Creative Activity (East Prussia/Kaliningrad Oblast)

Irina Belintseva
The heyday of architect Kurt Frick’s creative activity (East Prussia, currently Kaliningrad Oblast) took place in the interwar years of the 20th century. He contributed greatly in the restoration of the province’s historical cities destroyed in World War I. During 1920s-1930s, the architect’s works were...
Proceedings Article

Combating the Struggle Against Excesses: the Resolution of 1955 and Its Sequences in Architectural Discussions and Construction Practice of the Kazakh USSR in the 1960s

Olga Kazakova
The article investigates the problem of searching for the “national style” in the architecture of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. The contradiction between the search for national identity in the architecture of the republic and the international style in the USSR architecture of the “Thaw” era...
Proceedings Article

Characteristics of Nakhichevan-on-Don Residential Architecture of the Second Half of the 19th Century

Olga Bayeva
The town of Nakhichevan-on-Don was the center of a colony established by the Crimean Armenians in 1779. Between 18th and 19th centuries, their dwellings still showed the architectural traditions of the peninsula. However, Russian laws and the architectural practice that developed under these laws resulted...
Proceedings Article

Soviet Architecture of the 1960s: Between Internationalization and Regionalization

Stephane Gaessler
This article deals with the evolution of Soviet architecture during the 1960s, marked by the triumph of a modernist architecture, which will also generate forms of regionalization within the USSR, and which will be marked at the same time by an important phenomenon of internationalization, which is particularly...
Proceedings Article

Architectural Transformations of Fortification Architecture of the North Caucasus and Caucasus of the 10-12th Centuries: Top Trends

Victoria Pishchulina
The fundamental scientific aim is the development of a problem of architectural transformations in the context of traditional culture as a reflection of processes of globalization and regionalization. In the fortification architecture processes of interaction of the introduced universals and traditional...
Proceedings Article

Images and Architectonics of the History of the Contemporary Architecture

Yury Volchok
The Russian historiography as an independent field of history predictably deals with its own studies of the facts. The established attention to methodological issues of the history of the contemporary architecture would be possible only in case that we can merge the search for the answers to the questions...
Proceedings Article

The Architectural History of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem: the Question of the Periodization of Melchior De Vogüé

Elena Lavrentyeva
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem has been actively studied since the middle of the 19th century. At the same time, the opinion was formed that the building passed through four construction stages. This periodization was developed and first proposed by Melchior De Vogüé in 1859. Later, it...
Proceedings Article

The Architecture of the Churches of Southern Urals in the 18th-19th Century

Elena Ponomarenko
The subject of this paper seems to be important due to the ever-increasing interest in architectural traditions of Russia’s regions. The goal of the study is to reveal features of the architecture of the churches of southern Urals in the 18th and 19th centuries. The key approach I chose for this study...
Proceedings Article

The Diagonal Grid as a Design Method in the Armenian Medieval Architecture

Hrant Hovsepyan
Armenian architecture has been a subject of serious studies since the beginning of last century. Numerous medieval constructions have been measured, researched and reconstructed. However, there is a major disagreement among the specialists on the existence of a design stage, preceding the actual phase...
Proceedings Article

The Development of Catholic Altar Architecture on the Territory of Belarus During the 17th Century – the First Half of the 19th Century

Irena Radzevich
The reasons influencing the formation of altars during the 17th century – the first half of the 19th century are figured out on the basis of the system conception. Predominant style schools of that time architecture supported by edited treatises and sketchbooks with engravings and reproductions of European...
Proceedings Article

Branding Identity in Architecture: Christian Churches of Ancient Russia, Hindu Temples of India, and Company Offices of the 21st Century

Marina E. Vengerova
The systemic understanding of creation of architectural and environmental facilities with the corporate identity of a particular brand is a relevant issue of the Russian modern architectural education. Further and advanced training programmes have been developed and implemented in two structural subdivisions...
Proceedings Article

The Peculiarities of the Objects of Medieval Architectonic Plastic Arts from the Fortress of Anacopia in the Universal Cultural Context of the Crimea and North Caucasus

Alkhas Argun
The performed research aims at revealing the functional use and initial location of a part of the objects of architectonic plastic arts, most of which decorated the early medieval Christian structures in the fortress complex of Anacopia, and also at revealing historic and cultural links with the neighboring...
Proceedings Article

Architects of Russian Emigration in Rome Between Two Wars: Questions of Integration and Ways of Adaptation

Anna Vyazemtseva
At the beginning of the 20th century, lots of young and promising Russian architects travelled to Italy, interpreting gained experience in projects and buildings (V.F. Shuko, I.A. Fomin), and some of them even had building practices there (A. Schusev). After the October Revolution of 1917 many actors...
Proceedings Article

Saint-Petersburg and Tallinn in the Work of Alexander Vladovsky: Metamorphosis of Identity

Svetlana Levoshko
There are architects who are destined to play the role of a cultural bridge between countries, Alexander Ignatievich Vladovsky (1876-1950) was one of the kind. The architect made his mark both in pre-revolutionary Russia (in St. Petersburg and Narva) and in the Republic of Estonia, to where he emigrated...
Proceedings Article

Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ in Saint-Petersburg and the Concept of National Revival in the Late XIX Century Russian Architecture

Boris Kirikov
The Russian Revival style occupied a prominent place in the architecture of the XIX century Russia. The style had gone through several stages in its development. In the early 1880s followers of the Russian Revival turned their attention to the heritage of Moscow and Yaroslavl architecture of the XVII...
Proceedings Article

The Architecture of the Early Medieval Jain Temple and Ritual The Analysis of Ellora Caves

Darya Vorobyeva
The article is dedicated to the analysis of various components of architecture and iconographic program of the Jain temple that can reflect rituals of that age; on the example of Ellora complex, this paper tries to understand the concepts embodied in architecture and sculpture, as well as transformation...
Proceedings Article

Basilian Order Monastic Temples Architecture on the Territory of Belarus in the 17th – First Half of the 19th Centuries

Irina Ozheshkovskaya
In the terms of figured out and studied architecture materials by the author, the development of Belarusian Basilian temples volume-design structure is contemplated. Herewith, the description and images of numerous disappeared temples are introduced to the scientific circulation along with dating and...
Proceedings Article

The Investigation of Churches “Under the Bells” and the Churches-belfries in the Russian Architecture of the Late 17th — Early 18th Century: Traditions and Innovations (Preliminary Ideas)

Natalia Merzlyutina
The following article is devoted to a fascinating period in Moscow architecture — the years under the reign of Peter the Great. The architectural style of this period is commonly referred to as “Naryshkin” style. Among the monuments of the Naryshkin style, the important place belongs to the churches...
Proceedings Article

Preliminary Study of the Architecture and the Plastic Arts of the Zak'are Church in the Inner Castle (Aghjkaberd) of Ani

Armen Kazaryan, Ekaterina Loshkareva
The church in the Inner Castle of the Armenian capital Ani, which until now has not been studied properly, is one of the key monuments of the Armenian architectural tradition revival that began at the turn of the 12th-13th centuries. The purpose of this article is to reveal the features of its plan and...
Proceedings Article

The Rock-Hewn Churches of the Garalta Monasteries (Tigray, Ethiopia): the Comparative Analysis of Three Monuments of the Second Half of the 13th to the First Half of the 15th Centuries

Sergey Klyuev
In the focus of this article there are three large monastic churches, carved out in the rocks of Garalta in Ethiopian region of Tigray: Maryam Dabra Qorqor, Maryam Dabra Tsion and Giyorgis Dabra Maar. Their creation dates back to the period from the second half of the 13th century (the dating of the...
Proceedings Article

Investigation of Industrial Architecture’s Monuments in the 19th to Early 20th Centuries in Volgograd Region

Valentina Serebryanaya, Svetlana Makhova, Tamara Makhova, Ilya Mordvincev
The article considers the historical industrial architecture of the second half of the 19th and the early 20th centuries on the territory of the Volgograd region. Analysis and systematization of the identified information about the construction of industrial facilities (both existing and lost), the use...
Proceedings Article

Tudor Mansion on the Crimean Shore: M.S.Vorontsov’s Palace in Aloupka Seen in the Context of the British Victorian Country House Architecture

Vladimir Chekmarev, Maria Sokolova
The following article concerns Edward Blore’s M.S.Vorontsov’s palace in Aloupka (Crimea). Documents concerning the building were found by us in Victoria and Albert’s Museum and Cambridge University Library (UK). The author of the project, E.Blore, was known in England first of all as an architect capable...
Proceedings Article

The Cathedral of Tver According to the Architectural-archaeological Researches During 2012-2014: the Disputable Discovery of the Ancient Temple

Aleksey Salimov
The Cathedral of Transfiguration was built in Tver in 1285-1290. This event gave a start to the revival of stone building in Rus’ in the time of after Mongols’ invasion. That church was replaced with a new temple in the 17th century. It was demolished in 1935. Excavations held in 2012-2014 at the place...
Proceedings Article

Architecture of Soviet Avant-garde in the South of Russia: Past and Future

Arthur Tokarev
The study examines the architectures during 1920s-1930s in the south of Russia (a vast territory of the North-Caucasus and the Southern Federal Districts), in the context of issues of continuity, traditions and innovations. Both well-known architectural monuments designed by the leading masters of the...
Proceedings Article

Urban Heritage Conservation in the Second Half of the 20th Century: from Monuments' Restoration to Sustainable Development

Irina Butorina
The following article describes evolution of approaches in urban heritage conservation in the second half of the 20th~beginning of the 21st century. Recognition of the complexity and diversity of cultural heritage has changed our understanding of the conservation goals and approaches, especially in the...
Proceedings Article

The Struggle for the Historicity of Research Methods in 1960s-1980s and the Role of “Drevnerusskoe Iskusstvo” Periodical Issues in Studying Russian Medieval Architecture

Andrey Batalov
Thanks to the complex approach to the shaping of issues of the periodical collection of articles, the architecture was regularly included into the general context of the Old Russian art, which provided to observe the synchronization of processes connecting various forms of the art of Medieval Rus’. For...
Proceedings Article

Study on the Plinth Art of of Southeast Hubei Folk Dwellings Taking Ancestral Temple Architecture as an Example

Changjing Ding, Junheng Shao, Bin Luo
Ancestral temple is the most distinctive folk architecture in Southeast Hubei and its plinths are not only the load-bearing construction, but also concentrated expression of its culture, art and science carrier. Based on the field investigation, this paper elaborates on plinth with Yangxin and Tongshan...
Proceedings Article

Integral Environment of the Information-oriented Society and Higher School of Architecture as a Field of Design Researches

Natalia Rochegova, Elena Barchugova
Following the rapidly changing reality of architectural practices, which is largely responsible for the organization of the living environment of modern society, a new type of architectural education is developed throughout the world. It is distinguished by the fundamental nature of project research,...
Proceedings Article

Teaching Reform and Practice of Civil Engineering Construction Technology Course in Private Universities Based on "Competition of Construction Technology Application Skills"

Xinxin Zhang
This paper analyzes the problems existing in the civil engineering construction technology course. Based on the "Competition of Construction Technology Application Skills", the teaching reform is carried out from the aspects of the division of the curriculum modules, the teaching methods, the practical...
Proceedings Article

Theory and Practice of Design of Place Narrative Tourism Landscape Taking the Tourism Landscape of Wuxi Canal as an Example

Liu Zhao
The place narrative theory has significant value in improving the artistic quality of tourism landscape design. Using the methods of phenomenology and landscape narratology, the theoretical model of the narrative tourism landscape design is analyzed and constructed, and the application research of Wuxi...
Proceedings Article

Enlightenment on the Spatial Characteristics, Interior Layout and Design of the Traditional Dwellings in the Dai Villages in Xishuangbanna

Zhao Xu, Jing Guo
The Dai culture has a long history. The bamboo building is the original form of the Dai stilt style architecture. It has the original shape, simple structure and convenient construction. Conducting on-the-spot investigations on the Xishuangbanna Dai villages, exploring the remains of the traditional...
Proceedings Article

Study on Rwandan Traditional Architecture

Joseline Niyoyita, Li Haiying
Rwanda has a unique climate, traditional culture and regional characteristic. This paper analyses the traditional architectural function layout, structure, form, construction materials of Rwanda, and its adaptable climate characteristics, and summarizes the traditional construction and local material...
Proceedings Article

The Transformations of Vernacular / Traditional Architecture to Modern Architecture in West Africa, Liberia

Jerroy Nya Gbatu, Haiying Li
This paper tells the changes of vernacular architecture to modern architecture and how it can improve in some traditional design to show a nation culture beauty. This will also help to keep the memories of old architecture from one generation to another. (Modernizing traditional architecture) currently...
Proceedings Article

The Relevance Between Miyazawa Kenji Museum and Urban Construction in Japan

Yi-ching Tsai
This paper not only collates the data of the Japanese literature memorial halls but also discusses the relationship between the urban construction and Miyazawa Kenji Museum located in Hanamaki. With regard to how the Kenji City Development Division affiliated to the municipal government coordinates with...
Proceedings Article

Research of New Media Technology Application in Moral Education Exhibition Space in Elementary Schools

Chao Huang
The interactive, virtual and innovative new media technology in moral education exhibition design in elementary schools is analyzed in depth with new media technology as the background and new media application as the entry point in this paper, so as to enhance the interaction between experiencer and...
Proceedings Article

Discussion on Architectural Form of Ganbao Tibetan Village in the Multi-ethnic Integration Area

Chengyan Zhang
With the advent of folk tourism fever, Ganbao Tibetan Village rebuilt after the disaster is gradually known for her unique historical and humanistic value. Based on the analysis of the relationship between unique multi-ethnic coexistence and the rebuilding of residential buildings in Ganbao Tibetan Village,...
Proceedings Article

Architecture, Propaedeutics and Language

Alexander Rappaport
The education system in architecture will undergo serious changes in the near future. The process of restructuring the whole body of architecture will take more than one century, and in this process, the profession itself will face the restructuring of habits acquired by architecture. These processes...
Proceedings Article

The Book That Has Made a Revolution in Scientific Studies of the History of Architecture To the 100th Anniversary of the First Publication of Josef Strzygowski's "Architecture of the Armenians and Europe" Book

Anush Ter-Minasyan
The book written by Joseph Strzygowski “Architecture of the Armenians and Europe”, published in Vienna in 1918, was an example of an entirely new approach to the monuments of Armenian medieval architecture. The central principle of Strzygowski’s study is the method of a comparative analysis, which reveals...
Proceedings Article

Architecture and Mass Сulture

Armen S. Sardarov
The dialogue between architecture and the society has always been of mutual importance. Today, in the age of globalization, and in the heyday of mass culture, this dialogue has its own peculiarities. Architecture as a kind of creative activity and architectural objects as a result of this activity has...
Proceedings Article

Architectural Education: Processes, Resources and Strategies

Georgy Esaulov
Nowadays, as never before, the architectural education demands deep knowledge of regional culture, its heritage as spiritual and material identity of the regions of country. The state of the system of the architectural education is defined both with objective characteristics — in the second half of the...
Proceedings Article

Sound in Architecture as an Abiotic Factor of Spatial Form

Irina Pershina
The general direction of the study of the psychoacoustic background of the architectural space is at the junction of several areas of scientific knowledge: the theory of architecture, general psychology, and psychophysiology. The connections between the human psyche and his subject-spatial environment...
Proceedings Article

Russian Gardens in the 17th and 18th Centuries: the Italian Prototypes

Mariya Nashchokina
The article is devoted to the history of Russian gardens in the 17th and 18th centuries, in which various influences of Italian garden culture can be found. The author emphasizes links with the Italian culture through literature and mythology, as well as the influence of the direct impressions of the...
Proceedings Article

The Architectural and Spatial Organization of the Country Estate Complexes of the Kursk Region from the XVIII to the First Half of the XIX Centuries

Elena Kholodova
The study is based on the discovered archival and printed sources and the author’s field researches, which enable to more reasonably reconstruct the image structure of the lost nobility and merchants estates in the field of the reconstruction of their architectural and spatial organization in the border...
Proceedings Article

Research on the Development of the Style of Lingnan Homestead in Macau — Taking Mandarin’s House as an Example

Yile Chen
In today's society, along with the rapid development of economy and urbanization, the arrival of the new industrialization era and the era of big data, many traditional cultures have been affected, including intangible heritage and cultural sites. This study analyzes the development history and architectural...
Proceedings Article

Thoughts on the Effective Connection Between Local University Campus Culture and Local Community Culture

Yongtao Deng
Through the exploration of the methods and models of developing campus community culture and community cultural education resources, this paper makes theoretical and practical attempts in developing the innovation and evaluation mechanism of developing community culture and community culture education...
Proceedings Article

Rural Planning Ideas Under the Development of Tourism Industry Demand Taking the Planning of Folk Architecture Nodes in Jingxin Town of Hunchun City as an Example

Guanghu Jin
As a necessary part of the rural revitalization reform, rural tourism needs to meet the diverse needs of people's rural tourism through effective planning methods. This has become an important issue to be considered in the planning and design of folk areas. The rural planning of Jingxin Town of Hunchun...