Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Architecture: Heritage, Traditions and Innovations (AHTI 2019)

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95 articles

Architect Kurt Frick (1884-1963): Aspects of Interwar Creative Activity (East Prussia/Kaliningrad Oblast)

Irina Belintseva
The heyday of architect Kurt Frick’s creative activity (East Prussia, currently Kaliningrad Oblast) took place in the interwar years of the 20th century. He contributed greatly in the restoration of the province’s historical cities destroyed in World War I. During 1920s-1930s, the architect’s works were...

Combating the Struggle Against Excesses: the Resolution of 1955 and Its Sequences in Architectural Discussions and Construction Practice of the Kazakh USSR in the 1960s

Olga Kazakova
The article investigates the problem of searching for the “national style” in the architecture of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. The contradiction between the search for national identity in the architecture of the republic and the international style in the USSR architecture of the “Thaw” era...

Architectural Transformations of Fortification Architecture of the North Caucasus and Caucasus of the 10-12th Centuries: Top Trends

Victoria Pishchulina
The fundamental scientific aim is the development of a problem of architectural transformations in the context of traditional culture as a reflection of processes of globalization and regionalization. In the fortification architecture processes of interaction of the introduced universals and traditional...

Basilian Order Monastic Temples Architecture on the Territory of Belarus in the 17th – First Half of the 19th Centuries

Irina Ozheshkovskaya
In the terms of figured out and studied architecture materials by the author, the development of Belarusian Basilian temples volume-design structure is contemplated. Herewith, the description and images of numerous disappeared temples are introduced to the scientific circulation along with dating and...

Preliminary Study of the Architecture and the Plastic Arts of the Zak'are Church in the Inner Castle (Aghjkaberd) of Ani

Armen Kazaryan, Ekaterina Loshkareva
The church in the Inner Castle of the Armenian capital Ani, which until now has not been studied properly, is one of the key monuments of the Armenian architectural tradition revival that began at the turn of the 12th-13th centuries. The purpose of this article is to reveal the features of its plan and...

Study on Rwandan Traditional Architecture

Joseline Niyoyita, Li Haiying
Rwanda has a unique climate, traditional culture and regional characteristic. This paper analyses the traditional architectural function layout, structure, form, construction materials of Rwanda, and its adaptable climate characteristics, and summarizes the traditional construction and local material...

Research of New Media Technology Application in Moral Education Exhibition Space in Elementary Schools

Chao Huang
The interactive, virtual and innovative new media technology in moral education exhibition design in elementary schools is analyzed in depth with new media technology as the background and new media application as the entry point in this paper, so as to enhance the interaction between experiencer and...

Discussion on Architectural Form of Ganbao Tibetan Village in the Multi-ethnic Integration Area

Chengyan Zhang
With the advent of folk tourism fever, Ganbao Tibetan Village rebuilt after the disaster is gradually known for her unique historical and humanistic value. Based on the analysis of the relationship between unique multi-ethnic coexistence and the rebuilding of residential buildings in Ganbao Tibetan Village,...

The Book That Has Made a Revolution in Scientific Studies of the History of Architecture To the 100th Anniversary of the First Publication of Josef Strzygowski's "Architecture of the Armenians and Europe" Book

Anush Ter-Minasyan
The book written by Joseph Strzygowski “Architecture of the Armenians and Europe”, published in Vienna in 1918, was an example of an entirely new approach to the monuments of Armenian medieval architecture. The central principle of Strzygowski’s study is the method of a comparative analysis, which reveals...

Study on Local Architectural Heritage Protection Based on the Concept of Ecomuseum

Tianhang Wang
Local architectural heritage is an important part of cultural heritage and an indispensable carrier of regional culture. It contains abundant historical information and cultural connotations. At present, the protection of local architectural heritage is still limited to traditional technology intervention...

Methods of the Restoration of Wooden Architectural Monuments in Russia

Andrei Bode
Monuments of wooden architecture constitute a significant and valuable part of the architectural heritage of Russia. Work on their preservation has its own specifics, due to the material and its properties. The article deals with the methods of restoration of historical wooden buildings. The main trends...

Study on Application of Pixelate in Architectural Internal Space Constitution

Xiaojuan Hui
This paper starts from the study on the representation of two-dimensional pixels in three-dimensional space, and focuses on studying the internal space and combination form of commercial complex, using pixelated modular space to create infinite space in finite space. "Pixelate" is mostly applied to two-dimensional...

Study on the Question of the Degree of Innovation in Architecture

Igor Bondarenko
The article considers the question of expression of creative innovation in traditional, mainly medieval, Russian architecture. Various degrees of liberties taken in relation to reproduction of architectural models are identified. The attention is drawn to the rare cases of emergence of new models surpassing...

Study on the Formation of the Scientific Concept of the History of Architecture and Urban Planning of the Soviet Period

Yulia Kosenkova
The article discusses the change in scientific approaches to the study of architecture and urban planning of the Soviet era, characteristic of the research of the last three decades. The discussion at the round table in 1991 where the methodological issues of the study of Soviet architecture have been...

The J. Stübben’s Book “Der Städtebau” (“Town Planning”) and Its Influence on the Works of Russian Specialists in Cities Improvement of the Early 20th Century

Yulia Starostenko
The article is devoted to the book J. Stübben “Der Städtebau” (“Town planning”) and its influence on the works of Russian Specialists in Cities improvement of the early 20th century. This article describes the value of the book for the development of European town planning of the late 19th – early 20th...

The Current Situation and Development of Rural Tourism Taking Qianjiaji Village of Xinzheng City as an Example

Jin Zhang, Qiang Nie
Impelled by national policies, the rural tourism craze is promoted; more and more people love rural tourism whether on weekends or holidays, and they are deeply attracted by it. The rural tourism is developed across the country in diverse types and with advisable measures to local conditions, providing...

The System of the Plan Compositional Principles of the Gothic Town Building in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Yury Chanturia, Alesya Yanusz
In the XVI-XVII centuries, the territory of modern Belarus in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania had a widespread geometrical organization of the urban structures. In the base of regular formation there was a use of urban planning principles of Western Gothic of the XIII century. In the following centuries...

The Central Part of the Neva River and Its Role in St. Petersburg of Peter's Time

Andrey Ukhnalev
On the basis of analyzing the panoramas of St. Petersburg of Peter's time, this paper gives the town-planning characteristic of the city’s central space — the waters of the Neva against Peter and Paul fortress. The character of the spatiality of Petersburg of Peter's time gives grounds for the stylistic...

Characteristics of Nakhichevan-on-Don Residential Architecture of the Second Half of the 19th Century

Olga Bayeva
The town of Nakhichevan-on-Don was the center of a colony established by the Crimean Armenians in 1779. Between 18th and 19th centuries, their dwellings still showed the architectural traditions of the peninsula. However, Russian laws and the architectural practice that developed under these laws resulted...

Soviet Architecture of the 1960s: Between Internationalization and Regionalization

Stephane Gaessler
This article deals with the evolution of Soviet architecture during the 1960s, marked by the triumph of a modernist architecture, which will also generate forms of regionalization within the USSR, and which will be marked at the same time by an important phenomenon of internationalization, which is particularly...

The Architectural History of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem: the Question of the Periodization of Melchior De Vogüé

Elena Lavrentyeva
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem has been actively studied since the middle of the 19th century. At the same time, the opinion was formed that the building passed through four construction stages. This periodization was developed and first proposed by Melchior De Vogüé in 1859. Later, it...

The Architecture of the Churches of Southern Urals in the 18th-19th Century

Elena Ponomarenko
The subject of this paper seems to be important due to the ever-increasing interest in architectural traditions of Russia’s regions. The goal of the study is to reveal features of the architecture of the churches of southern Urals in the 18th and 19th centuries. The key approach I chose for this study...

The Diagonal Grid as a Design Method in the Armenian Medieval Architecture

Hrant Hovsepyan
Armenian architecture has been a subject of serious studies since the beginning of last century. Numerous medieval constructions have been measured, researched and reconstructed. However, there is a major disagreement among the specialists on the existence of a design stage, preceding the actual phase...

Branding Identity in Architecture: Christian Churches of Ancient Russia, Hindu Temples of India, and Company Offices of the 21st Century

Marina E. Vengerova
The systemic understanding of creation of architectural and environmental facilities with the corporate identity of a particular brand is a relevant issue of the Russian modern architectural education. Further and advanced training programmes have been developed and implemented in two structural subdivisions...

Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ in Saint-Petersburg and the Concept of National Revival in the Late XIX Century Russian Architecture

Boris Kirikov
The Russian Revival style occupied a prominent place in the architecture of the XIX century Russia. The style had gone through several stages in its development. In the early 1880s followers of the Russian Revival turned their attention to the heritage of Moscow and Yaroslavl architecture of the XVII...

The Investigation of Churches “Under the Bells” and the Churches-belfries in the Russian Architecture of the Late 17th — Early 18th Century: Traditions and Innovations (Preliminary Ideas)

Natalia Merzlyutina
The following article is devoted to a fascinating period in Moscow architecture — the years under the reign of Peter the Great. The architectural style of this period is commonly referred to as “Naryshkin” style. Among the monuments of the Naryshkin style, the important place belongs to the churches...

The Struggle for the Historicity of Research Methods in 1960s-1980s and the Role of “Drevnerusskoe Iskusstvo” Periodical Issues in Studying Russian Medieval Architecture

Andrey Batalov
Thanks to the complex approach to the shaping of issues of the periodical collection of articles, the architecture was regularly included into the general context of the Old Russian art, which provided to observe the synchronization of processes connecting various forms of the art of Medieval Rus’. For...

Study on the Plinth Art of of Southeast Hubei Folk Dwellings Taking Ancestral Temple Architecture as an Example

Changjing Ding, Junheng Shao, Bin Luo
Ancestral temple is the most distinctive folk architecture in Southeast Hubei and its plinths are not only the load-bearing construction, but also concentrated expression of its culture, art and science carrier. Based on the field investigation, this paper elaborates on plinth with Yangxin and Tongshan...

Teaching Reform and Practice of Civil Engineering Construction Technology Course in Private Universities Based on "Competition of Construction Technology Application Skills"

Xinxin Zhang
This paper analyzes the problems existing in the civil engineering construction technology course. Based on the "Competition of Construction Technology Application Skills", the teaching reform is carried out from the aspects of the division of the curriculum modules, the teaching methods, the practical...

Enlightenment on the Spatial Characteristics, Interior Layout and Design of the Traditional Dwellings in the Dai Villages in Xishuangbanna

Zhao Xu, Jing Guo
The Dai culture has a long history. The bamboo building is the original form of the Dai stilt style architecture. It has the original shape, simple structure and convenient construction. Conducting on-the-spot investigations on the Xishuangbanna Dai villages, exploring the remains of the traditional...

The Transformations of Vernacular / Traditional Architecture to Modern Architecture in West Africa, Liberia

Jerroy Nya Gbatu, Haiying Li
This paper tells the changes of vernacular architecture to modern architecture and how it can improve in some traditional design to show a nation culture beauty. This will also help to keep the memories of old architecture from one generation to another. (Modernizing traditional architecture) currently...

Architecture and Mass Сulture

Armen S. Sardarov
The dialogue between architecture and the society has always been of mutual importance. Today, in the age of globalization, and in the heyday of mass culture, this dialogue has its own peculiarities. Architecture as a kind of creative activity and architectural objects as a result of this activity has...

Architectural Education: Processes, Resources and Strategies

Georgy Esaulov
Nowadays, as never before, the architectural education demands deep knowledge of regional culture, its heritage as spiritual and material identity of the regions of country. The state of the system of the architectural education is defined both with objective characteristics — in the second half of the...

Russian Gardens in the 17th and 18th Centuries: the Italian Prototypes

Mariya Nashchokina
The article is devoted to the history of Russian gardens in the 17th and 18th centuries, in which various influences of Italian garden culture can be found. The author emphasizes links with the Italian culture through literature and mythology, as well as the influence of the direct impressions of the...

The Study of Productive Landscape in Wetland Park Design

Yan Feng, Xianzhu Zheng, Xiaoyu Ming, Panpan Cao, Jie Du, Yufan Ding, Xiaofang Yu
With the acceleration of the process of urban construction and development, the contradiction between man and nature has intensified, the ecological balance has been broken, and the ecological chain has been interrupted. In recent years, in order to improve the living environment, people have rationally...

Loss of Historical and Cultural Heritage in the Form of Small Towns and Rural Settlements of the Kaluga Region

Victoria Dolgova
Small cities of Russia today before our eyes lose their architectural appearance, its provincial appeal, disturbed the harmony of landscape and the historical spatial organization. This is a big problem for their further development. In the Kaluga region are beautiful architectural monuments and ensembles,...

Foundation and Development of the Regular Saint Petersburg Agglomeration in the 1703 to 1910s

Sergey Sementsov, Nadezhda Akulova
The relevance of the topic of the article is predetermined by the beginning of the professional development of the project of territorial development of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration for the period up to the 2030s. The article briefly describes the stages of the historical formation of the agglomeration,...

Urban Environment: in Search for New Imagery

Mikhail Dutsev
Today’s urban environment is full of and in many cases overburdened with manifestations of modern civilization with its velocities and uncontrolled requirements. Anyhow, one continues to spend much of the time in the city, looking not only for dwelling, food and job, but also for cultural and spiritual...

The Architecture of Postmodernism in Japan: the Main Features

Nina Konovalova
The architecture of postmodernism, as a western invention, was received with great interest in Japan. Of the huge number of materials, creative means, images and symbols that could be seen in the postmodern works by Western architects, Japanese masters did not take any interest in a particular school...

Inventing "Modern Architecture": Government and Social Order in the USSR in 1930s

Alexandra Selivanova
This paper describes the use of architecture as an instrument of propaganda and symbolic representation of the government doctrines, which achieved a particular acuteness during the interwar period in the USSR. The system of governing the art world by the state created in those years retained its influence...

The Architecture of the Early Medieval Jain Temple and Ritual The Analysis of Ellora Caves

Darya Vorobyeva
The article is dedicated to the analysis of various components of architecture and iconographic program of the Jain temple that can reflect rituals of that age; on the example of Ellora complex, this paper tries to understand the concepts embodied in architecture and sculpture, as well as transformation...

The Rock-Hewn Churches of the Garalta Monasteries (Tigray, Ethiopia): the Comparative Analysis of Three Monuments of the Second Half of the 13th to the First Half of the 15th Centuries

Sergey Klyuev
In the focus of this article there are three large monastic churches, carved out in the rocks of Garalta in Ethiopian region of Tigray: Maryam Dabra Qorqor, Maryam Dabra Tsion and Giyorgis Dabra Maar. Their creation dates back to the period from the second half of the 13th century (the dating of the...

Theory and Practice of Design of Place Narrative Tourism Landscape Taking the Tourism Landscape of Wuxi Canal as an Example

Liu Zhao
The place narrative theory has significant value in improving the artistic quality of tourism landscape design. Using the methods of phenomenology and landscape narratology, the theoretical model of the narrative tourism landscape design is analyzed and constructed, and the application research of Wuxi...

Research on the Development of the Style of Lingnan Homestead in Macau — Taking Mandarin’s House as an Example

Yile Chen
In today's society, along with the rapid development of economy and urbanization, the arrival of the new industrialization era and the era of big data, many traditional cultures have been affected, including intangible heritage and cultural sites. This study analyzes the development history and architectural...

Thoughts on the Effective Connection Between Local University Campus Culture and Local Community Culture

Yongtao Deng
Through the exploration of the methods and models of developing campus community culture and community cultural education resources, this paper makes theoretical and practical attempts in developing the innovation and evaluation mechanism of developing community culture and community culture education...

Analysis on the Contemporary Chinese Rural Type Planning Exploration

Hongyan Quan, Guanghu Jin
China is an economic and agricultural power. The accumulation of production, society and families over thousands of years makes different rural areas have their own unique culture. Rural planning has become an inevitable product in the context of social progress and economic growth. However, a template...

Study on the Landscape Characteristics and Space Construction of the Traditional Historical Towns in the Western Yunnan

Dongqiang Zhang, Haiyan Li
With the implementation of the new urbanization and rural revitalization strategy under socialism with Chinese characteristics, exploring cultural tourism based on the unique historical and cultural resources of traditional ancient towns has become the protagonist of rural tourism development, the characteristics...

Principles of Landscape Management in Italian Case — Basic Values for Legislation and Planning: Conclusions for Russia

Olga Maximova
The paper presents the results of the PhD research of author “The Landscape: comparison between Italy and Russia. The general values for legislative and planning instrumentation”, supported by the Erasmus Mundus Action 2 Programme of the European Union. The paper is dedicated to the landscape planning...

Prospects for the Development of Low-rise Buildings in Conjunction with the Landscape

Zoya Petrova
The relevance of the topic lies in the fact that due to the economic, environmental and aesthetic benefits, mass low-rise construction in all regions of Russia is one of the priorities of state policy. National wealth, including landscapes and waters, should be preserved and used. It is necessary to...

The Architectural Complex of the Nevskaia Manufacture of Baron Stieglitz: History and Problems of Reconstruction

Margarita Stieglitz
All of the branches of the Russian industry, including the most progressive in the XIX century — textile industry, were born in the leading industrial center Saint-Petersburg. Nevskaia manufacture occupies a prominent place among the textile enterprises with its splendid examples of the “brick style”...