Nutritional Therapy in the Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: A Literature Review
- 10.2991/ahsr.k.220302.006How to use a DOI?
- recurrent aphthous stomatitis; vitamin B12; folic acid; vitamin D; zinc
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common oral diseases, with an estimated prevalence of 25% of oral ulcerations. Factors that involves in its progressions, such as genetic predisposition, immunological abnormalities, viral and bacterial infections, psychological stress, hormonal state, and nutritional deficiencies. Since the etiology and pathogenesis of RAS remain unclear, there is currently no consensus regarding a definitive curative therapy. However, nutritional improvement is thought to be able to support RAS healing optimally. This literature review aims to examine a few of the nutritional therapies which are usually given to support the treatment of RAS. The results obtained indicate that the nutritional therapy of RAS should be based on the detailed clinical history and possible underlying systemic causes along with complementary procedures such as laboratory tests, where required. The vitamins that are used most in the RAS are vitamin B12, folic acid, vitamin D, and zinc. There is little evidence regarding the effectiveness of the use of nutritional therapy in the treatment of RAS because most of the previous studies showed the comparison between the value of reduced vitamin levels in RAS patients and healthy individuals. Studies using nutritional/vitamin therapy as sole therapy in RAS patients are needed to be explored.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Liza Meutia Sari PY - 2022 DA - 2022/03/03 TI - Nutritional Therapy in the Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: A Literature Review BT - Proceedings of the 2nd Aceh International Dental Meeting 2021 (AIDEM 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 34 EP - 39 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.220302.006 DO - 10.2991/ahsr.k.220302.006 ID - Sari2022 ER -