Proceedings of the IV International Scientific and Practical Conference 'Anthropogenic Transformation of Geospace: Nature, Economy, Society' (ATG 2019)

Ecological and Functional Zoning of the Urbanized Environment of Arid Territory as the Basis of Ecological Framework

Authors
Galina Nastinova, Elena Amikova
Corresponding Author
Galina Nastinova
Available Online 8 February 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.200202.039How to use a DOI?
Keywords
urbanized environment, arid territory, greening, ecological and functional zoning, ecological framework, Elista city
Abstract

The study discusses the prospects of developing a strategy for greening the urbanized environment of the arid territory in the South European part of Russia using the example of Elista, the capital of the Kalmykia Republic. We present the main approaches to designing the ecological framework of an urban area. The main research methods are analytical, desktop and comparative-geographical. This article presents the assessment of the environmental pollution of Elista by motor vehicles and the dust-collecting ability of leaves of trees and shrubs. We have calculated the emissions of pollutants entering the air basin of Elista with the exhaust gases of vehicles. It showed that the maximum concentration of pollutant emissions from vehicles is in places of the greatest car traffic: at bus stops and intersections. We evaluated the dust-collecting ability of the leaves of the main types of trees and shrubs of the city’s landscaping system. Using the data obtained, we systematically ranked urban landscapes and the environmental functions from the position of their sustainability. This served as the basis for the ecological and functional zoning of Elista. The article analyses the structure of ecological and functional zoning and its basic elements acting as cores and corridors of the ecological framework. The 26% of unreformed open spaces identified in the city are perspectives reserves for environmental planning to optimize the landscaping system. To improve the quality and increase the level of a person’s comfort in an urban environment, we propose measures in the framework of developing a greening strategy.

Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the IV International Scientific and Practical Conference 'Anthropogenic Transformation of Geospace: Nature, Economy, Society' (ATG 2019)
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
8 February 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-898-7
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.200202.039How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Galina Nastinova
AU  - Elena Amikova
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/02/08
TI  - Ecological and Functional Zoning of the Urbanized Environment of Arid Territory as the Basis of Ecological Framework
BT  - Proceedings of the IV International Scientific and Practical Conference 'Anthropogenic Transformation of Geospace: Nature, Economy, Society' (ATG 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 193
EP  - 198
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.200202.039
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.200202.039
ID  - Nastinova2020
ER  -