Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering

Composition Difference of Cholesterol-, Pigment- and Mixed-type Gallstones, and Their Formation Mechanisms

Authors
Yue Zhang, Qin Kui, Cenyin Rao, Xiaojun Huang, Junfa Xue, Jianming Ouyang
Corresponding Author
Yue Zhang
Available Online July 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-16.2016.46How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Gallstones, Cholesterol, Bile Pigment.
Abstract
Objective: The chemical compositions and formation mechanisms of different types of gallstones (cholesterol-, pigment-, and mixed-type) were studied. Methods: The components of gallstones were identified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The contents of cholesterol, bilirubin and bile acid in gallstones were determined by ultraviolet visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometry. Results: The majority of gallstones in Shenzhen area of China were cholesterol stones, followed by pigment stones. The incidence rate of female was significantly higher than that of male; the age of gallstone patients was mainly 30~50 years old. The pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone is mainly the supersaturation of cholesterol in the bile. Pigment gallstone is closely related to the formation of calcium bilirubinate complex. Bile pigments can be deposited on cholesterol, then to form calcium bilirubinate, and finally form bile pigment-cholesterol mixed type gallstones. Conclusions: Cholesterol, bilirubin and bile acid play different roles in formation of different types of gallstones. Using UV-vis and FT-IR spectra can accurately detect the components of gallstones, and this analysis can provide inspiration for the effective prevention and treatment of gallstones.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering
Part of series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
July 2016
ISBN
978-94-6252-216-9
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-16.2016.46How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yue Zhang
AU  - Qin Kui
AU  - Cenyin Rao
AU  - Xiaojun Huang
AU  - Junfa Xue
AU  - Jianming Ouyang
PY  - 2016/07
DA  - 2016/07
TI  - Composition Difference of Cholesterol-, Pigment- and Mixed-type Gallstones, and Their Formation Mechanisms
BT  - International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-16.2016.46
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-16.2016.46
ID  - Zhang2016/07
ER  -