Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)

Ultrastructure and Self-Cleaning Function of Moth (Notodontidae) and Butterfly (Lycaenidae) Wings

Authors
Yan FANG, Gang SUN, Jing-shi YIN, Wan-xing WANG, Yu-qian WANG
Corresponding Author
Yan FANG
Available Online May 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.71How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Ultrastructure, Self-cleaning, Wettability, Moth, Butterfly, Biomaterial.
Abstract
The microstructure, hydrophobicity, adhesion and chemical composition of the butterfly and moth wing surfaces were investigated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a contact angle meter, and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). Using ground calcium carbonate (heavy CaCO3) as contaminating particle, the self-cleaning performance of the wing surface was evaluated. The wing surfaces, composed of naturally hydrophobic material (chitin, protein, fat, etc.), possess complicated hierarchical micro/nano structures. According to the large contact angle (CA, 148.3~156.2ø for butterfly, 150.4~154.7ø for moth) and small sliding angle (SA, 1~3ø for butterfly, 1~4ø for moth), the wing surface is of low adhesion and superhydrophobicity. The removal rate of contaminating particle from the wing surface is averagely 88.0% (butterfly wing) and 87.7% (moth wing). There is a good positive correlation (R2=0.8385 for butterfly, 0.8155 for moth) between particle removal rate and roughness index of the wing surface. The coupling effect of material element and structural element contributes to the outstanding superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning performance of the wing surface. The wings of flying insect can be potentially used as templates for biomimetic preparation of biomedical interfacial material with multi-functions.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
May 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-362-3
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.71How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yan FANG
AU  - Gang SUN
AU  - Jing-shi YIN
AU  - Wan-xing WANG
AU  - Yu-qian WANG
PY  - 2017/05
DA  - 2017/05
TI  - Ultrastructure and Self-Cleaning Function of Moth (Notodontidae) and Butterfly (Lycaenidae) Wings
BT  - 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.71
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.71
ID  - FANG2017/05
ER  -