Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)

A Micro/Nano Structural Model for Wettability of Moth Wing Surface

Authors
Yan FANG, Gang SUN, Jing-shi YIN, Wan-xing WANG, Yu-qian WANG
Corresponding Author
Yan FANG
Available Online May 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.93How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Microstructure, Model, Wettability, Moth, Biomaterial.
Abstract
The micro-morphology, wettability and chemical composition of the moth wing surfaces were investigated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a contact angle (CA) meter and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). The micro-morphological models for hydrophobicity on the wing surface were established on the basis of the Cassie-Baxter equation. The wetting mechanism was discussed from the perspective of biological coupling. The moth wing surfaces are composed of naturally hydrophobic material and display micro/nano hierarchical structures, including primary structure (micrometric scales), secondary structure (submicro longitudinal ridges and lateral bridges) and tertiary structure (nano stripes). The wing surfaces exhibit high hydrophobicity (CA 150~156ø) and low adhesion (sliding angle 1~4ø). The cooperative effect of material element and structural element contributes to the special wettability of the wing surface. In micro-dimension, the smaller the width and the bigger the spacing of the scale, the stronger the hydrophobicity of the wing surfaces. In nano-dimension, the smaller the height and the smaller the width and the bigger the spacing of the longitudinal ridge, the stronger the hydrophobicity of the wing surfaces. The micro/nano structural model provides CA predictions in good accord with the data measured. The result may bring inspiration for biomimetic design and preparation of smart interfacial materials and novel self-cleaning coatings.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
May 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-362-3
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.93How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yan FANG
AU  - Gang SUN
AU  - Jing-shi YIN
AU  - Wan-xing WANG
AU  - Yu-qian WANG
PY  - 2017/05
DA  - 2017/05
TI  - A Micro/Nano Structural Model for Wettability of Moth Wing Surface
BT  - 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.93
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.93
ID  - FANG2017/05
ER  -