Democratic Policing in Solving Police Problems
- 10.2991/assehr.k.201021.060How to use a DOI?
- democratic policing, problem solving
The research aims at exploring the involvement of public (public authorities, bureaucratic authorities, and political authorities) and aside institutions which are also responsible for finding out the solutions of social problems affecting security and public order as well as describing the implementation of democratic policing in solving social cases/problems. The paradigm of the research is qualitative with explorative descriptive design. The research is a case study conducted in three Indonesian police regions: West Sumatera Police Region, Riau Police Region, and West Kalimantan Police Region. Primary data are collected through focus group discussions (FGDs), with question guidelines and questionnaires. Secondary data are gathered from certain sources such as documents and references related to the topic of the research. The primary and secondary data are analyzed using qualitative analysis through data reduction, data presentation, conclusion or verification. The conclusion of the research reveals that (1) the bureaucratic authorities and political authorities do not fully support police in solving social cases/problems; (2) the support of the two types of institutions depends on the initiatives of the police and; (3) police are known as the initiator and the activator in order to involve the two types of authorities mentioned above in eliminating and preventing social conflicts/problems occurring among public in establishing security and public order. The supports given by the authorities is developed by police members from all ranks through the cooperation of the four pillars conducted by a Babinsa (a sergeant of Indonesian Army who coaches a village, a Babinkamtibmas (a police sergeant from the Indonesian National Police (INP) who coaches security and public order), public or religious figures or public authorities (head of sub-district, head of regency, mayor, governor), and legislative parties (political authorities). The solutions of social problems at the level of police resorts in the three police regions have similarities in the context of patterns and characteristics. The similarities are: (1) placing society as the main actors; (2) the roles are taken by the local head of neighborhood and religious and police leaders; and (3) local or customary values still play important roles in solving social conflicts/problems. This can be seen when the ninik-mamak (grandparent and uncle associations) in West Sumatera and Lembaga Kerapatan Adat (Customary Discussion Agency) in Riau and West Kalimantan play their roles in solving social conflicts/problems.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Chairul Muriman Setyabudi AU - Vita Mayastinasari AU - Rahmadsyah Lubis AU - Chryshnanda Dwilaksana PY - 2020 DA - 2020/10/22 TI - Democratic Policing in Solving Police Problems BT - Proceedings of the Brawijaya International Conference on Multidisciplinary Sciences and Technology (BICMST 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 251 EP - 253 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201021.060 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.201021.060 ID - Setyabudi2020 ER -