Association Study on Urban Form and Urban Resources Efficiency Based on GIS and DEA: A Case Study of Shanghai
Fan Wenping, Liu Yan, Shi Yishao
Available Online August 2015.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/cas-15.2015.44How to use a DOI?
- geographic information system (GIS); data envelopment analysis (DEA); urban form; urban resources efficiency; shanghai.
- Rapid urbanisation has resulted in the change of urban forms as well as increased consumption of various urban resources. This paper reports an empirical study of China’s Shanghai municipality to investigate the relationship between urban form and the efficiency usage of urban resources. Based on a series of Landsat imagery over the period from 1982 to 2008, the changing characteristics of the urban spatial forms in Shanghai were measured in GIS. Urban resources efficiency was measured through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach. By correlating the urban form and resource efficiency indicators through a regression analysis, the results show that the changes of urban resource efficiency are closely related to changes of urban forms. In general, the instability and complexity of the external form of the city reduces the urban resources efficiency. Moreover, high population density conduces to lower urban resources efficiency. In addition, the road network density and the spatial accessibility through the road network impact significantly the improvement of urban resources efficiency; besides, the compactness of urban external form does not have much influence on urban resources efficiency according to this study.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Fan Wenping AU - Liu Yan AU - Shi Yishao PY - 2015/08 DA - 2015/08 TI - Association Study on Urban Form and Urban Resources Efficiency Based on GIS and DEA: A Case Study of Shanghai PB - Atlantis Press SP - 182 EP - 187 SN - 2352-538X UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/cas-15.2015.44 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/cas-15.2015.44 ID - Wenping2015/08 ER -