Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific and Practical Conference "Current issues of linguistics and didactics: The interdisciplinary approach in humanities" (CILDIAH 2017)

Corpus-Assisted Comparative Study of British Job Advertisements: Sociocultural Perspective

Authors
L. A. Kochetova, N. Yu. Sorokoletova, E. Yu. Ilyinova, O. S. Volkova
Corresponding Author
L. A. Kochetova
Available Online November 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/cildiah-17.2017.24How to use a DOI?
Keywords
genre; job advertisement; corpus; corpus linguistics
Abstract

The paper provides a nuanced picture of discursive practices used in the professional genre of job advertisements through a comparative study of key words retrieved from adverts for leading and non-leading positions. The corpus compiled includes texts available on websites of the two national British newspapers The Times and The Guardian. The methodology of corpus linguistics is applied with the purpose to explore the semantic difference in the key word data that are used to describe requirements for leading and non-leading job categories, in this way revealing similarities and differences in the patterns of meaning that are determined by socio-cultural peculiarities of the genre. The semantic analysis shows that texts for leading positions are characterized by prevalence of lexis with meaning of power, change and planning used in the job description. Advertisements for non-leading positions comprise lexis that belong to the semantic categories of help, organization and reciprocity that focus on everyday activities. The two corpora also reveal significant differences in the way qualities and attributes of an ideal candidate are discursively construed in the two job categories. Applying the framework of Appraisal Theory, the study reveals that evaluative lexis is not evenly distributed in the two corpora. While key words specifying requirements for an ideal candidate, related to the subcategory of Capacity, are common for the two corpora, evaluative lexis related to the subcategories of Tenacity and Propriety is mainly found in the corpus of texts for non-leading jobs.

Copyright
© 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - L. A. Kochetova
AU  - N. Yu. Sorokoletova
AU  - E. Yu. Ilyinova
AU  - O. S. Volkova
PY  - 2017/11
DA  - 2017/11
TI  - Corpus-Assisted Comparative Study of British Job Advertisements: Sociocultural Perspective
BT  - Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific and Practical Conference "Current issues of linguistics and didactics: The interdisciplinary approach in humanities" (CILDIAH 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 133
EP  - 139
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/cildiah-17.2017.24
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/cildiah-17.2017.24
ID  - Kochetova2017/11
ER  -