Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2018)

A Realization of Optimality Theory to Arabic Hollow Verb

Authors
Zaqiatul Mardiah, Abdul Muta’ali, Fazlur Rachman
Corresponding Author
Zaqiatul Mardiah
Available Online June 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-18.2019.261How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Arabic hollow verb; consonant; constraints; optimality theory; stem
Abstract

Arabic hollow verb has two kind stems of perfective. Those faced three main factors, (1) root and morphological template, (2) phonological aspect, and (3) imperfective form. The previous study had multilevel analysis using concatenative strategy, to account for conjugation of Arabic hollow verb. The other existing studies just investigated one factor, that was phonological harmony; or standard morphological analysis. So, they just got single approach to formulate morphological processes of Arabic hollow verb. In this paper, we demonstrate a unified interplay approach to outline a learning algorithm which utilize the optimality theory to ascertain the optimal output of two kind stem of Arabic perfective hollow verb, exclusively using blocking and extended exponence. Within this approach, the existence of weak consonants (w and y) in hollow verb can be expressed as realization constraints in accordance to Arabic morphology system, that is associated to the pattern of perfective-imperfective change, and also consider grammatical categories (person, number, and gender). The findings of this study is not only useful for theoretical linguists to understand an alternative way of modeling and processing the inflection of Arabic words, but also for computer practitioners who want to develop an algorithm for natural language processing tasks of Arabic hollow verb conjugations.

Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Download article (PDF)

Volume Title
Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2018)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
June 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-749-2
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-18.2019.261How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Zaqiatul Mardiah
AU  - Abdul Muta’ali
AU  - Fazlur Rachman
PY  - 2019/06
DA  - 2019/06
TI  - A Realization of Optimality Theory to Arabic Hollow Verb
BT  - Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 234
EP  - 239
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-18.2019.261
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/conaplin-18.2019.261
ID  - Mardiah2019/06
ER  -