Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects” (DETP 2020)

Algorithms as a Tool for the Formation of Design Skills of Preschool Children in the Digital Educational Environment

Authors
L.V. Voronina, E.A. Utyumova, T.V. Slyunko
Corresponding Author
L.V. Voronina
Available Online 13 May 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.032How to use a DOI?
Keywords
digital educational environment, design skills, algorithm, preschool children
Abstract
The life of a modern person is full of various electronic devices, structures and technical means. In this regard, one of the key tasks of the modern education system is the creation of a digital educational environment, within the framework of which the intensification of cognitive-research and design activities of children, their development of interest in invention and creativity will take place. The relevance of the problem investigated in the article is due to the prevailing need to expand the content of preschool education, the possibilities of using new digital and information technologies in design, and the inevitability of changing the role of the teacher in connection with emerging opportunities, the potential of using design to develop thinking, imagination, initiative of preschool children, to form universal prerequisites for educational activities. In the federal state educational standard for preschool education, various types of children’s activities are identified, which should be developed in kindergarten. One of the main types of children’s activities is the construction of various materials. The result of any activity of the child depends on how much he imagines the algorithmic essence of his actions, which is very important in the process of design activity, since algorithmic skills allow you to break down complex actions into simpler ones and achieve the desired result through a strictly organized sequence of actions. Thus, the objective of this study is to show the possibility of using algorithms in the process of forming design skills in preschool children. Based on the analysis of psychological, pedagogical and methodological works, the structure of design skills of children was determined, which consists of procedural, regulatory and communicative blocks. A technique has been developed for the formation of design skills in preschool children, consisting of three stages: teaching children to design according to the model, constructing according to the condition, designing according to the plan. Based on the totality of design skills highlighted in the study, three levels of the formation of these skills in preschool children were determined: the creative level, the level of construction according to the condition, the copying level.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - L.V. Voronina
AU  - E.A. Utyumova
AU  - T.V. Slyunko
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/05/13
TI  - Algorithms as a Tool for the Formation of Design Skills of Preschool Children in the Digital Educational Environment
BT  - International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects” (DETP 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 177
EP  - 181
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.032
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.032
ID  - Voronina2020
ER  -