TEMPERATURE REGIME AND MALARIA CASES IN ORLU AREA OF IMO STATE NIGERIA
Fidelischinazor Okorie, Austineo Nnaji, Cypraine Ezedike
Available Online October 2013.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/iaw-sc.2013.122How to use a DOI?
- The earth’s climate is becoming increasingly warmer, most likely due to increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Climate variation is driven by uneven distribution of solar heating, the individual responses of the atmosphere, oceans and land surface, the interactions between these and the physical characteristics of the regions. Climate, more especially temperature has a strong and direct influence on development, reproduction and survival of tropical insects such as mosquitoes. Insect population growth potentials are mainly temperature driven, so a rise in temperature may either increase or decrease insect development. This paper highlights the influence of temperature on malaria cases in Orlu Macro-climate in Imo state of Nigeria. It employed the use of 20 years (1991-2010) temperature data of Orlu from Nigerian Meteorological agency and 20 years data on malaria cases in Orlu collected from the (9) nine health centers located within Orlu Local Government Area. In the correlation analysis, adopting Pearson’s correlation coefficient method, there was stability in high temperature regime with stable increases in malaria cases. Therefore, the results show that more than 50% of the malaria cases were, influenced by increase in temperature in the area. This means that temperature enhances mosquito breed, which causes spread of malaria in the environment. Hence, evidence of climate variability in Nigeria includes increasing heat waves, which enhances disease vectors, communicable diseases and epidemics. However, the people try to prevent the spread of malaria in the environment to some extent, but the study suggested more measures that are preventive.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Fidelischinazor Okorie AU - Austineo Nnaji AU - Cypraine Ezedike PY - 2013/10 DA - 2013/10 TI - TEMPERATURE REGIME AND MALARIA CASES IN ORLU AREA OF IMO STATE NIGERIA BT - Proceedings of the 2013 International Academic Workshop on Social Science PB - Atlantis Press SP - 553 EP - 555 SN - 1951-6851 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iaw-sc.2013.122 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/iaw-sc.2013.122 ID - Okorie2013/10 ER -