Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Arts and Arts Education (ICAAE 2019)

The development of the world of social-humanities research and education began from Auguste Comte in 1830, the philosophical basic thinking of this research method is that science must be a reality that can be observed in real terms. Referred to as science if it can be proven empirically, this era is a positivistic era which is the opposite of the metaphysical era, the era of the power of the mythical power era (Benton & Ian Craib, 2001: 23; Pradoko, 2017: 34). The empirical facts are further confirmed by the quantification of quantitative research. After this era, postmodern era thinkers emerged. The postmodern era is the philosophers who criticize the world of modern thought, the weakness of modern thought, especially in the social-humanities field. The treatment of scientific humanity is not enough empirical science that is manifested in the aspect of quantification. Humans are symbolic animals, symbols created by humans are not directly visible through empirical observations, for that positivistic research is not sufficient in social humanities research and education of philosophers' ideas that gave rise to postpositivistic research models that were raised by postmodern philosophers. Postmodern philosophers criticizing the weaknesses of the modern world which have a positivistic basis for quantification, thinkers of research in the field of socio-humanities are emerging that trace behind the empirical facts that appear in society. These thoughts bring up research models that seek to dig deep and dig behind the reality that is visible, reveal beyond and in depth. Human thought as a symbolic animal that has a historical cultural and values order is not enough to be expressed only by positivistic methods. On the other hand, today's society has evolved from the stage of the first industrial era, the era of mechanical machines, the second stage of the power system era, the third phase, the electronic and information technology era. Next we are at the beginning of the fourth industrial revolution. The increasingly widespread and concise internet, artificial sensors are getting smaller and stronger with low prices and artificial intelligence and learning machines (Schwab, 2019: 3). Based on these two major considerations, the 3rd ICAAE international seminar aims to explore scientific potential in cultural studies and the results of research with a post-modern paradigm. Besides exploring the development of learning and the development of education in the era of the fourth industrial revolution society.

A. M. Susilo Pradoko