Evolution of Hindu–Buddhist Architectural Ornaments Into Javanese Traditional Architecture: Case Study of Sewu Temple
Ayu Ratna Pertiwi, Hardiyati, Yosafat Winarto
Ayu Ratna Pertiwi
Available Online 25 March 2020.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017How to use a DOI?
- ornaments, traditional, Javanese architecture, Sewu Temple
- Sewu Temple is the second largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur Temple, located in Klaten Regency, Central Java. As an architectural masterpiece built in the 8th century and older than Borobudur and Prambanan Temples, Sewu Temple has an important role in the development of archipelago’s architecture. The background of the temple building can be known through the ornaments that decorate parts of the temple. Ornaments contain certain meanings with Hindu-Buddhist principles, not only as visual ornament elements, so the role of ornaments is important. Ornaments are an artistic component that is added to decoration in crafts, including architecture. Ornamentation cannot be separated from the socio-cultural background of the community and the area of origin of the ornament, because ornamentation is a means of communication to reduce culture from the previous generation to the next generation. Therefore, it is necessary to further study the evolution or development of the forms and meanings of architectural ornaments in the archipelago with a time series of architectural developments in the Hindu-Buddhist era and traditional architecture, especially Java, following the location of the temple. The purpose of this study is to examine the evolution of forms, patterns, and meanings of Hindu-Buddhist architectural ornaments found in Sewu Temple in their development towards traditional Javanese architecture. This research uses descriptive qualitative method. This research found that there is a relationship between Javanese architectural ornaments and architectural ornaments found in Sewu Temple in terms of motifs, placement patterns and the meaning of ornaments.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Ayu Ratna Pertiwi AU - Hardiyati AU - Yosafat Winarto PY - 2020 DA - 2020/03/25 TI - Evolution of Hindu–Buddhist Architectural Ornaments Into Javanese Traditional Architecture: Case Study of Sewu Temple BT - 4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 119 EP - 129 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017 ID - Pertiwi2020 ER -