Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019)

Evolution of Hindu–Buddhist Architectural Ornaments Into Javanese Traditional Architecture: Case Study of Sewu Temple

Authors
Ayu Ratna Pertiwi, Hardiyati, Yosafat Winarto
Corresponding Author
Ayu Ratna Pertiwi
Available Online 25 March 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017How to use a DOI?
Keywords
ornaments, traditional, Javanese architecture, Sewu Temple
Abstract
Sewu Temple is the second largest Buddhist temple after Borobudur Temple, located in Klaten Regency, Central Java. As an architectural masterpiece built in the 8th century and older than Borobudur and Prambanan Temples, Sewu Temple has an important role in the development of archipelago’s architecture. The background of the temple building can be known through the ornaments that decorate parts of the temple. Ornaments contain certain meanings with Hindu-Buddhist principles, not only as visual ornament elements, so the role of ornaments is important. Ornaments are an artistic component that is added to decoration in crafts, including architecture. Ornamentation cannot be separated from the socio-cultural background of the community and the area of origin of the ornament, because ornamentation is a means of communication to reduce culture from the previous generation to the next generation. Therefore, it is necessary to further study the evolution or development of the forms and meanings of architectural ornaments in the archipelago with a time series of architectural developments in the Hindu-Buddhist era and traditional architecture, especially Java, following the location of the temple. The purpose of this study is to examine the evolution of forms, patterns, and meanings of Hindu-Buddhist architectural ornaments found in Sewu Temple in their development towards traditional Javanese architecture. This research uses descriptive qualitative method. This research found that there is a relationship between Javanese architectural ornaments and architectural ornaments found in Sewu Temple in terms of motifs, placement patterns and the meaning of ornaments.
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Proceedings
4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019)
Publication Date
25 March 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-939-7
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ayu Ratna Pertiwi
AU  - Hardiyati
AU  - Yosafat Winarto
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/03/25
TI  - Evolution of Hindu–Buddhist Architectural Ornaments Into Javanese Traditional Architecture: Case Study of Sewu Temple
BT  - 4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 119
EP  - 129
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017
ID  - Pertiwi2020
ER  -