“Zakopianski” Style: History of Creating
- 10.2991/assehr.k.200907.024How to use a DOI?
- Stanisław Witkiewicz, the culture of Podhale, the Polish national art, the Goral folklore, Karol Szymanowski, Harnasie, the “Zakopiański” style, villa “Pod Jedlami”
The subject of the study is dominant feature of the 20th-century Polish culture: the “Zakopiański” style (also Zakopane style) and the main range of phenomena related to it. The idea of creating the style belonged to Stanislaw Witkiewicz, who saw in the culture of Podhale (its historical name is the Rocky Tatras) the preserved rudiments of the pra-Polish culture, on the basis of which modern art could be revived. Being an artist and writer, Witkiewicz created a kind of myth of a state rank around this phenomenon: on the basis of the Podhale art, he proposed to revive the modern national Polish culture, which seems to be a certain paradox. The imaginative folklore patterns gave endless possibilities for various interpretations. The followers of Witkiewicz brought their additions to this style, greatly simplifying its original mythical and philosophical content. The aesthetics of the “Zakopiański” style was developed by writers and artists of the Young Poland circle at the beginning of the 20th century. During the interwar period, artists were influenced by expressionism, formism and futurism, however, they were primarily motivated by the idea of creating modern Polish national art. This style found its most vivid expression in composer’s works. The neo-folklore direction, convincingly represented by the “new national style” of Karol Szymanowski, became the most promising. In order to determine the cultural retrospective, the author uses the methods of historical reconstruction and style analysis, presents the main approaches to this phenomenon that are relevant in modern Polish art history.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Olga Sobakina PY - 2020 DA - 2020/09/07 TI - “Zakopianski” Style: History of Creating BT - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Art Studies: Science, Experience, Education (ICASSEE 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 132 EP - 136 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200907.024 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.200907.024 ID - Sobakina2020 ER -