Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Community Development (ICCD 2019)

The Application of Biochar on Intercropping System of Cassava and Maize, and the Effects on Soil Quality and Land-Use Efficiency

Authors
Eny Dyah Yuniwati, Karyanto
Corresponding Author
Eny Dyah Yuniwati
Available Online October 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Applications, biochar, intercropping, cassava, maize, soil quality, efficiency, use, land
Abstract
Degraded land occurs due to the decrease in soil quality, which is often resulted from continuous planting without considering the quality of the soil. This study aims to reduce damage to soil fertility, control soil degradation, and increase the production of cassava and maize crops. The research was conducted in Junrejo village, Batu. Two types of biochar (chicken manure biochar and corn cob biochar) were used on cassava and maize intercropping. This study used three treatments: control, biochar chicken manure, and corn cob biochar. The study used a randomized block design with two factorials with a 5% analysis of variance and the smallest significant difference (LSD). The results showed that the application of biochar chicken manure and corn cob biochar significantly improved soil quality and increased the production of maize and cassava crops. Also, it proved effective for land use, thus controlling and reducing soil degradation. The soil quality was improving, and so was the cassava and maize yield. The highest yield was from cassava and maize intercropping with the application of chicken manure biochar (cassava 18.33 Mg ha-1, maize 3.89 Mg ha-1), while monoculture cropping system with the application of corn cob biochar production was 4.07 Mg ha-1 for maize, and 32.81 Mg ha-1 for casava. The highest land use efficiency of cropping system intercropping cassava and maize after application of corn cob biochar was 1.03 and 0.72. It shows that the improvement of soil quality in intercropping of cassava and maize system after the application of corn cobs biochar was very effective so that land degradation could be avoided.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Download article (PDF)

Volume Title
Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Community Development (ICCD 2019)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
October 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-803-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Eny Dyah Yuniwati
AU  - Karyanto
PY  - 2019/10
DA  - 2019/10
TI  - The Application of Biochar on Intercropping System of Cassava and Maize, and the Effects on Soil Quality and Land-Use Efficiency
BT  - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Community Development (ICCD 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 191
EP  - 194
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51
ID  - Yuniwati2019/10
ER  -