The Application of Biochar on Intercropping System of Cassava and Maize, and the Effects on Soil Quality and Land-Use Efficiency
Eny Dyah Yuniwati, Karyanto
Eny Dyah Yuniwati
Available Online October 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51How to use a DOI?
- Applications, biochar, intercropping, cassava, maize, soil quality, efficiency, use, land
- Degraded land occurs due to the decrease in soil quality, which is often resulted from continuous planting without considering the quality of the soil. This study aims to reduce damage to soil fertility, control soil degradation, and increase the production of cassava and maize crops. The research was conducted in Junrejo village, Batu. Two types of biochar (chicken manure biochar and corn cob biochar) were used on cassava and maize intercropping. This study used three treatments: control, biochar chicken manure, and corn cob biochar. The study used a randomized block design with two factorials with a 5% analysis of variance and the smallest significant difference (LSD). The results showed that the application of biochar chicken manure and corn cob biochar significantly improved soil quality and increased the production of maize and cassava crops. Also, it proved effective for land use, thus controlling and reducing soil degradation. The soil quality was improving, and so was the cassava and maize yield. The highest yield was from cassava and maize intercropping with the application of chicken manure biochar (cassava 18.33 Mg ha-1, maize 3.89 Mg ha-1), while monoculture cropping system with the application of corn cob biochar production was 4.07 Mg ha-1 for maize, and 32.81 Mg ha-1 for casava. The highest land use efficiency of cropping system intercropping cassava and maize after application of corn cob biochar was 1.03 and 0.72. It shows that the improvement of soil quality in intercropping of cassava and maize system after the application of corn cobs biochar was very effective so that land degradation could be avoided.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Eny Dyah Yuniwati AU - Karyanto PY - 2019/10 DA - 2019/10 TI - The Application of Biochar on Intercropping System of Cassava and Maize, and the Effects on Soil Quality and Land-Use Efficiency BT - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Community Development (ICCD 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 191 EP - 194 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/iccd-19.2019.51 ID - Yuniwati2019/10 ER -