Proceedings of the International Conference on Community Empowerment and Engagement (ICCEE 2021)

The Role of Communication on Self-Isolation during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Social Support Theory Approach

Authors
Santika Rahma Gantari1, Dian Purworini2, *
1,2Communication Science Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
*Corresponding author. Email: dp151@ums.ac.id
Corresponding Author
Dian Purworini
Available Online 9 May 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220501.012How to use a DOI?
Keywords
COVID-19; crisis communication; self-isolation; social support
Abstract

Communication has immense benefits in human life, including interacting with the environment, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic to support and determine behavioral decisions. For society affected by COVID-19, social support in interpersonal communication is the primary driving factor as a coping method to reduce stress levels and provide emotional function. With Social Support theory, this research aims to explore the role of communication on self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study employed a descriptive quantitative method with a convenience sampling technique calculated by the Cochrane formula with a sampling error of 10%. Hence, it obtained 96 respondents from the population of Solo Raya City, Central Java, which had recovered and or were still experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 or were self-isolating. The data collection technique was in the form of a questionnaire with a Likert scale, Pearson’s Product Moment for the validity test, Cronbach’s Alpha for the reliability test, and descriptive statistical tests for the data analysis. The descriptive statistical test resulted in all the Social Support indicator question items having a mean more significant than the standard deviation value. It explains that the value of the data distribution is evenly distributed. The value of skewness and kurtosis on all question items ranged between -2 to 2. It explains that the data is normally distributed, and it means that the deviation of the data is low. This study proved that communication has a role in the isolation period of COVID-19 patients. It is in the form of social support that can be channeled through family and friends, and significant others to encourage patient recovery, bring patients’ thoughts in a more positive direction, and avoid stress or depression through interpersonal communication.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Community Empowerment and Engagement (ICCEE 2021)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
9 May 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-574-9
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220501.012How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Santika Rahma Gantari
AU  - Dian Purworini
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/05/09
TI  - The Role of Communication on Self-Isolation during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Social Support Theory Approach
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Community Empowerment and Engagement (ICCEE 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 99
EP  - 107
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220501.012
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220501.012
ID  - Gantari2022
ER  -