Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture and Language in Southeast Asia (ICCLAS 2017)

Political Conception of Sufism Leader in Java

Dr. Zubair
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Dr. Zubair
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Sufism; thariqa; politics; Islam; Java
This article related the the political conceptions and the responses of Sufism leader in Java. The purpose of this study is to discover views and practices of Sufism scholars in Java regarding Islamic law of engagement in politics. Sufism leaders who became the subjects of the data were representatives of three provinces. The data were obtained through intensive interviews, aside from utilizing literary document data. To analyze the existing data, the author used (istinbat) analysis of Islamic law. The result of analysis showed that Javanese views of Sufism leaders regarding Islamic law of engagement in politics were categorized into two natures of the law, namely: 1) Fardhu kifayah (obligatory), with reason that leadership must exist to organize Muslims' benefit; and 2) Mubah (allow), because the potency of benefit was likely bigger than the potency of deterioration. The differences of these views caused distinctions of response and behavior of Sufism scholars in practical politics in Indonesia. Those who said Fardhu Kifayah involved themselves in stewardship of political parties; while some who said Mubah involved themselves while some others did not.
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  title={Political Conception of Sufism Leader in Java},
  author={Zubair, Dr.},
  booktitle={International Conference on Culture and Language in Southeast Asia (ICCLAS 2017)},
  publisher={Atlantis Press}
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