Environmental behavior and impacts of antibiotics
Yaozong Cui, Yanhong Li, Lihao Zhang, Nan Xiao
Available Online April 2017.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.84How to use a DOI?
- antibiotics; determination method; sorption and degradation; antibiotic resistance genes; toxicological effects
- Antibiotics are widely used to treat or prevent human and animal diseases, as well as to promote the growth of animals in livestock breeding and aquaculture. As a type of antibacterial drugs, antibiotics have been widely applied in human/animal disease prevention, disease treatment, animal husbandry and aquaculture, etc. A majority of antibiotics introduced into human/animal cannot be utilized directly, leading to the result that more than 85% antibiotics were discharged into the environment. Once antibiotics enter the ecosystems, they could influence the evolution of the community structure, which according affect the ecological function of aquatic environment. Correspondingly, antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) have been found, which is threatening ecological safety and human health. In this review, five parts were discussed in detail: (1) the source of antibiotics in the environment; (2) the determination of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment; (3) the spatial distribution of antibiotics and in the environment; (4) the fate of antibiotics in the environment; (5) the toxicological effects of antibiotics. Moreover, the existing problems and future research directions are proposed.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yaozong Cui AU - Yanhong Li AU - Lihao Zhang AU - Nan Xiao PY - 2017/04 DA - 2017/04 TI - Environmental behavior and impacts of antibiotics BT - 2017 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (ICEESD 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 443 EP - 447 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.84 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.84 ID - Cui2017/04 ER -