Proceedings of the 2017 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (ICEESD 2017)

Synthesis and characterization of a novel modified expandable graphite and its application in rigid polyurethane foams

Authors
Lin Liu, Xiangjun Ma, Rui Lv, Zhengzhou Wang
Corresponding Author
Lin Liu
Available Online April 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.185How to use a DOI?
Keywords
DOPO, modified expandable graphite, rigid polyurethane foam, flame retardation, mechanical properties
Abstract
In this work, an intermediate product DOPO-A was firstly synthesized through an addition reaction between triethoxyvinylsilane and 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO). Then DOPO-A was hydrolyzed to form DOPO-A' (silanol of DOPO-A) and the surface of expandable graphite (EG) was modified by DOPO-A' to prepare a novel modified expandable graphite (MEG). The effects of MEG on the flame-retardant and mechanical properties of rigid polyurethane (RPU) foams were investigated. It is found that MEG is more effective in improving the limiting oxygen index (LOI) of RPU foams than EG. The cone calorimeter studies indicate that MEG flame retarded RPU foams have lower peak heat release rate,total heat release, peak smoke production rate, and CO yield than those of the EG flame retarded RPU foams. Compressive strengths of the MEG flame retarded RPU foams have a great improvement compared with those of EG flame retarded RPU foams.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
2017 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (ICEESD 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
April 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-328-9
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.185How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Lin Liu
AU  - Xiangjun Ma
AU  - Rui Lv
AU  - Zhengzhou Wang
PY  - 2017/04
DA  - 2017/04
TI  - Synthesis and characterization of a novel modified expandable graphite and its application in rigid polyurethane foams
BT  - 2017 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (ICEESD 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.185
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iceesd-17.2017.185
ID  - Liu2017/04
ER  -