The Effectivity of Phonics Method in Improving Reading Ability of 1st Grade Elementary School Students
Wulanir Rahmah, Lena Pandjaitan
Available Online February 2018.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icei-17.2018.101How to use a DOI?
- reading ability; phonic methods; elementary school
- Reading is a basic skill that the students of the formal school must have. The Ministry of Education through BNSP has regulated the standard of reading ability for 1st-grade students of elementary school, that is able to read simple syllable, word, and sentence by using proper pronunciation and intonation. The aim of the research is to improve the reading ability of 1st-grade students in elementary school who is still less fluent to read. Phonics method is used as an intervention due to its systematic instructional step by practicing the phonological awareness, phonics and reading fluency (Hindle, 2007). The Informal Reading Assessment (IRA) developed by Ruscoe is used to measure the students' reading abilities. It is adjusted in Bahasa Indonesia by using adaptation process. The result of pre-test and post-test shows the increasing of score and achievement category of reading skill. Further analyses reveal that improvement in reading ability happens in phonological awareness and phonics, but no significant improvement in reading fluency. In conclusion, it is required a lot of reading practice in order to make it more fluent.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Wulanir Rahmah AU - Lena Pandjaitan PY - 2018/02 DA - 2018/02 TI - The Effectivity of Phonics Method in Improving Reading Ability of 1st Grade Elementary School Students BT - 1st International Conference on Education Innovation (ICEI 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 380 EP - 382 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icei-17.2018.101 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icei-17.2018.101 ID - Rahmah2018/02 ER -