Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019)

The Effect of Prior Knowledge on Students’ Learning Outcomes on the Subject of Basic Science Concepts

Authors
Irvin Irvin Novita Arifin, Irvin Novita Arifin
Corresponding Author
Irvin Irvin Novita Arifin
Available Online December 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icet-19.2019.39How to use a DOI?
Keywords
prior knowledge, learning outcomes, science
Abstract

This study aims to determine the direct effect of prior knowledge on students’ learning outcomes in subject of basic science concepts in the Primary Education Department of the Faculty of Education, Gorontalo State University. This study used a survey method, and the techniques of data collection were questionnaires and learning outcomes tests. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential with a path analysis approach (path analysis). The population were 202 undergraduate students of Department of Primary Education, State University of Gorontal, who participated in the basic science concept subject and, 130 students were the sample of this study. The results of the study found that prior knowledge had a positive effect on Science learning outcomes, namely there was a positive direct effect of prior knowledge on students’ learning outcomes in the basic science concept subjects. Prior knowledge could be strengthened by improving lecture activities through connecting students' knowledge and past experiences before taking their lectures and that will lead to a science learning experience. Prior knowledge can process learning to enhance better learning outcomes in the topic of living things, not only plants and animals, but also humans. This shows that sound prior knowledge will be able to improve the learning outcomes of primary education students in subject of the basic science concept.

Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
December 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-864-2
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icet-19.2019.39How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Irvin Irvin Novita Arifin
AU  - Irvin Novita Arifin
PY  - 2019/12
DA  - 2019/12
TI  - The Effect of Prior Knowledge on Students’ Learning Outcomes on the Subject of Basic Science Concepts
BT  - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 158
EP  - 160
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icet-19.2019.39
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icet-19.2019.39
ID  - IrvinNovitaArifin2019/12
ER  -