Diversity of Fruit Bats (Pteropodidae) in Nature Tourism Park, Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara
- 10.2991/978-2-38476-056-5_13How to use a DOI?
- Diversity; Fruit Bats; Nature Tourism Park; Lombok Island; West Nusa Tenggara
On the Lombok Island, there are 6 Nature Tourism Park that have a diversity of flora and fauna, and beautiful natural phenomena, which can be used as tourist attractions, culture and history including; Suranadi Nature Park, Kerandangan Nature Park, Gunung Tunak Nature Park, Tanjung Tampa Nature Park, Bangko-Bangko Nature Park, and Pelangan Nature Park. Bats are one of the faunas that can be found in the Lombok Island Nature Tourism Park. Bats have a very important role in the area and the surrounding environment, namely playing a role in the process of pollination, dispersal of plant seeds and pest control so that they play a role in preserving the ecosystem of the area. On the Lombok Island, there are 39 species of bats or 20% of the types of bats in Indonesia, one of which is endemic to the Lombok Island. The study aimed to map the distribution of fruit bats (Pteropodidae) communities in Lombok Island Nature Tourism Park. The research method is carried out by survey method using the trapping technique (Mist Net and Harp Net). Mapping the distribution of bats will be based on the coordinates of the bat species found. Furthermore, mapping of bat species was carried out using PCA modelling. The results showed that of the 175 individuals caught, there were 9 species of fruit bats (Pteropodidae) that in the Lombok Island Nature Tourism Park, namely Macroglossus minimus, Eonycteris spelaea, Cynopterus titthaecheilus, Cynopterus sphinx, Cynopterus horsfieldii, Cynopterus nusatenggara, Rousettus amplexicaudatus, Dobsonia peronei, dan Rousettus leschenaultia. The results of the analysis of the abundance of bats in six Lombok Island Nature Tourism Park stated that the highest abundance was in the Gunung Tunak with 36.57% and the lowest abundance was in Tanjung Tampa and Suranadi with 10.86%. While the abundance of species stated that, Eonycteris spelaea had the highest abundance with 35.43% and the lowest abundance was Rousettus leschenaultia with 2.29%. Diversity analysis states that the highest dominant value is found in Tanjung Tampa with 0.48 and the lowest is in Pelang with 0.19. The highest Margalef Index value is found in Pelangan at 1.46 and the lowest is in Tanjung Tampa at 0.68. The highest Shannon Winer index value is in Pelangan at 1.72 and the lowest is in Tanjung Tampa at 0.88. Furthermore, the highest Evenness Index value is in Kerandangan at 0.99 and the lowest is at Mount Tunak and Tanjung Tampa at 0.80. The results of the analysis of the similarity index found in each habitat were that 2 community similarity groups were formed, including group A consisting of Bangko-Bangko, Kerandangan and Suranadi, and group B consisting of Gunung Tunak, Tanjung Tampa and Pelangan. Meanwhile, mapping of bat species using PCA modelling states that there are 4 species groups formed, group A (Tosca) consisting of Rousettus leschenaultia and Dobsonia peronei, group B (Red) consisting of Cynopterus sphinx and Cynopterus titthaecheilus, group C (Purple) consisting of Cynopterus nusatenggara, Eonycteris spelaea and Macroglossus minimus, and group D (Yellow) consists of Rousettus amplexicaudatus and Cynopterus horsfieldii.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Siti Rabiatul Fajri AU - Sucika Armiani AU - Akhmad Sukri AU - Kurnianingsih AU - Ibnu Maryanto AU - Kurniasih Nur Afifah PY - 2023 DA - 2023/07/26 TI - Diversity of Fruit Bats (Pteropodidae) in Nature Tourism Park, Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara BT - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Education and Technology (ICETECH 2022) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 106 EP - 116 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-056-5_13 DO - 10.2991/978-2-38476-056-5_13 ID - Fajri2023 ER -