Proceedings of the International Conference on Health and Well-Being in Modern Society (ICHW 2019)

Efficiency Assessment of Biological Samples for Destruction of Phenol Compounds

Authors
N.A. Ilina, E.I. Tikhomirova, N.A. Kazakova, T.V. Andronova, O.Yu. Ksenofontova
Corresponding Author
N.A. Ilina
Available Online October 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.29How to use a DOI?
Keywords
remediation of soils, phenol compounds, biodestructor, Pseudomonas putida, biological product, sorbent
Abstract
The issues of soil contamination in production territories, solid waste landfills and urban environment are discussed by scientists of many countries. The problem of rehabilitation of such territories is considered relevant, and thus requires the corresponding technologies. Regarding phenol compounds the paper describes the recovery options of phenol degraders and its derivatives; suggests using the consortia of bacterial destructors although without the results of their application in real conditions for remediation of the polluted soil. In this study the native saprophyte strain P. putida SU12 with strong desctuctive potential is selected from the consortium of destructors of chronically polluted soils. The in vitro studies of the adaptation of a strain destructor to remediation conditions of chernozem leached in the impurity mode with phenol compounds is conducted. Biological product samples are obtained for phenol destruction in liquid (microcapsules) and solid (sorbent) phases. The dynamics of phenol content change in soil samples from Terengulsky district of Ulyanovsk region in the presence of samples of biological products proves its considerable destruction. The biological product is perspective for field tests since bacteria-destructors quickly adapt to natural conditions of the polluted soil in the presence of soil microflora without losing their destructive properties. Modeling of sorption-biological technology of rehabilitation of soils polluted by phenol compounds is carried out and the scheme of application of the selected biological product sample in natural field conditions is developed.
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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Health and Well-Being in Modern Society (ICHW 2019)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
October 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-820-8
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.29How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - N.A. Ilina
AU  - E.I. Tikhomirova
AU  - N.A. Kazakova
AU  - T.V. Andronova
AU  - O.Yu. Ksenofontova
PY  - 2019/10
DA  - 2019/10
TI  - Efficiency Assessment of Biological Samples for Destruction of Phenol Compounds
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Health and Well-Being in Modern Society (ICHW 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 120
EP  - 125
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.29
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.29
ID  - Ilina2019/10
ER  -