Level Organization of the Venous Bed of the Human Kidney Depending on the Options and Types of Intraorgan Veins Fusion
E.S. Kafarov, S.V. Fedorov, I.I. Khidiyatov, I.M. Nasibullin, V.Z. Galimzyanov
Available Online October 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.30How to use a DOI?
- kidney, veins, architectonics
- The article aims to conduct a 3D analysis of links and levels of the intraorgan venous system of the human kidney and build a model of its levels and spatial hierarchy. 46 corrosive preparations of the renal venous system were produced. The preparations were subjected to 3D scanning. Using Mimics-8.1, options and types of fusion of intraorgan venous vessels of the kidneys were studied. The 3D stereo-anatomical analysis of the intraorgan venous system of the kidneys showed that there are upper polar, lower polar, central, ventral and dorsal veins, depending on the options of fusion of the renal veins. 25.4% of the second order vessels are ventral and dorsal. The intraorgan venous bed of the kidney is not represented by the pole veins. 32.4% of the second order vessels are upper pole and lower pole veins. The 3D analysis of the intraorgan venous system of the human kidney revealed new links in the hierarchy of the structure of the venous system of the kidney which differs from the scheme presented by A. Kugelgen (1928) where there were four orders. The new hierarchy differs from the scheme presented in the International Anatomical Nomenclature (2003). The authors presented a new concept of spatial and level organization of the venous bed of the human kidney. The range of individual variability of the angioarchitecture of the venous system of the human kidney, namely the presence of venous vessel links and levels, depends on the options of formation of the renal vein in the kidney gate, and types of fusion of the intraorgan venous system of the kidney.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - E.S. Kafarov AU - S.V. Fedorov AU - I.I. Khidiyatov AU - I.M. Nasibullin AU - V.Z. Galimzyanov PY - 2019/10 DA - 2019/10 TI - Level Organization of the Venous Bed of the Human Kidney Depending on the Options and Types of Intraorgan Veins Fusion BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Health and Well-Being in Modern Society (ICHW 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 126 EP - 128 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.30 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/ichw-19.2019.30 ID - Kafarov2019/10 ER -