Exploring Teachers’ Understanding of Psychological Violence in Responding to Indonesia’s Violence-free School Climate Policy
- 10.2991/iciap-18.2019.60How to use a DOI?
- official policy, secondary school, psychological violence, teacher understanding, violence-free climate
In 2015, the violence-free school climate policy of Permedikbud RI No. 82/2015 was issued by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture. This policy requires schools to provide a violence-free school climate so that school is an ideal place for nurturing peace and social harmony and a safe place for the school population. This policy outlines that any violent conduct such as physical and verbal bullying, sexual harassment, and other psychological violence should be prevented and banned. However, research on how the violence-free school climate policy has been understood and put in place by educators in schools remains absent. This present study reports on how this official policy informed teachers’ understanding of school violence and its prevention. Teachers’ conceptual understanding of what is meant by violence at school is explored to assess whether the policy has been effective in terms of its objectives. Literature concerning types of school violence from many different contexts and cultures were reviewed in this paper to illustrate the broader theoretical argument. Four teachers working in two different secondary schools in Medan participated in this study. Semi-structured interview questions were prepared for collecting the data. The interview data were then analyzed deductively based on the themes derived from theories regarding types of violence. The findings indicated that while the policy is aimed at invoking educators’ awareness of violent conduct, both physical and non-physical, teachers participating in this study reported more understanding of physical violence but reported less understanding of non-physical violence. This study contributes to the development of knowledge regarding the different types of violence in the literature and in Indonesian schools as well as giving insight on how an official policy should be introduced at school level to make the whole policy effective.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Uswatun Qoyyimah AU - Maisarah AU - Yosi Agustiawan AU - Achmad Fanani AU - Aizun Najih PY - 2019/08 DA - 2019/08 TI - Exploring Teachers’ Understanding of Psychological Violence in Responding to Indonesia’s Violence-free School Climate Policy BT - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 713 EP - 726 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.60 DO - 10.2991/iciap-18.2019.60 ID - Qoyyimah2019/08 ER -