Realization of Negative Politeness Strategy on Speech Act of Questions and Answers in the Learning Processes
- 10.2991/icla-18.2019.103How to use a DOI?
- language politeness, speech acts of ask and answer, negative politeness, speech act in the learning process.
Research on the use of negative politeness strategies in speech acts has often been done, but the realization of strategies that speak with negative politeness in speech acts to ask and answer in the classroom learning process by teachers and students has not been fully explained. This article was written to explain the realization of the strategy of speak act with negative politeness in Indonesian which is done by teachers and students in the classroom learning process. This article's data is a speech act of asking-and-answering that is carried out with negative politeness strategies by teachers and students in the classroom learning process in 2017-2018. Data was collected by observing techniques and analyzed qualitatively based on the theory of speech acts, speech strategies, and language politeness. Based on the findings and discussion, the result of researh is concluded the following. The strategy of speaking with negative politeness in speech acts to ask in the learning process in the classroom to be realized with maaf‘an expression of forgiveness’ , permisi ‘excuse’, sedikit ‘a little’, siapamau ‘who wants’, siapaingin ‘who wants it’, siapabisa ‘who can’, siapalagi ‘who else’, is there, and requests for approval (ya, kan? ‘yes, right?’). In the speech act of answering, the strategy of speaking with negative politeness is realized with the maaf ‘expression of forgiveness’, permisi ‘excuse me’, izinkansaya ‘allow me’, kalautidaksalah ‘if not mistaken’ , sejauh yang sayatahu ‘as far as I know’, kalaubolehberbeda ‘if may be different’, and tambahansedikitlagi ‘a little extra’. These expressions can minimize coercion or minimize the burden on speech partners. In addition, Those speech acts asking questions and answering can protect the speaker's self-image and the speech partner's self-image so that the speech acts are perceived as polite by the speech partner.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Abdurahman Abdurahman AU - Ngusman Abdul Manaf PY - 2019/03 DA - 2019/03 TI - Realization of Negative Politeness Strategy on Speech Act of Questions and Answers in the Learning Processes BT - Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Languages and Arts (ICLA 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 625 EP - 631 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icla-18.2019.103 DO - 10.2991/icla-18.2019.103 ID - Abdurahman2019/03 ER -