An Analysis of Writing Errors Made by the First Semester Students of Management Program at ITB Widya Gama Lumajang
- 10.2991/978-2-494069-15-2_2How to use a DOI?
- Essay Writing; Grammatical errors; Surface Strategy Taxonomy
Grammar obviously has the main role in learning a foreign language because it is the way to construct the sentences correctly. It seems that the grammar is quite difficult to learn because of the differences of rule system between the first language (Indonesian) and the second one (English). It is used as the rule system to construct the sentences in essay writings is inevitably essential for the students. Thus, error analysis on grammar is potentially considered to be important to conduct to know the students’ learning problem in mastering the target language. This study was previously conducted to find out the grammatical errors through their essay writings by applying descriptive design with a sample of 23 students who were all students at the first semester students of management program at ITB Widya Gama Lumajang. The study separately classified the students errors based on Surface Strategy Taxonomy proposed by Dulay et al. which classifies errors into four categories: omission, addition, misformation, and misordering. After the students’ essay writings were collected, the writer identified and classified grammatical errors and next, the writer counted, tabulated, and presented them in the form of percentage to indicate the prominent difficulties faced by the students in constructing English sentences. The findings of the study clearly revealed that 124 sentences out of 2018 sentences were identified to contain errors. Based on Surface Strategy Taxonomy classification, there were 302 errors. The order of errors frequency was misinformation 147 (48.7%), omission 102 (33.8%), addition 48 (15.9%) and misordering 5 (1.6%).
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Achmad Kifi PY - 2022 DA - 2022/11/16 TI - An Analysis of Writing Errors Made by the First Semester Students of Management Program at ITB Widya Gama Lumajang BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Language, Education, and Social Science (ICLESS 2022) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 6 EP - 14 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-494069-15-2_2 DO - 10.2991/978-2-494069-15-2_2 ID - Kifi2022 ER -