Effect of Water flow Rate on the Yield Strength of a Reinforced bar
- 10.2991/icmmse-17.2017.58How to use a DOI?
- Hot rolling, Microstructure, Rebar, TMT, Water flow rate, Yield Strength
High strength requirement of Thermo-mechanically treated (TMT) rebars is crucial in the construction of flyovers, bridges and high rise buildings because of the good combination of the mechanical properties. The yield strength is expected to be between 450 MPa and 550 MPa after the hot rolling process depending on prescribed standards. A series of experimental trials during a hot rolling process were carried out in a steel plant in which parameters such as the water flow rate and the processing time were varied to study their effect on the evolving mechanical properties of the rebars. Four "heats"(A "heat" is a batch of molten steel, referred to as tap to tap cycle and involves furnace charging with scrap, melting, deslagging, tapping molten steel and furnace turn-around. Furnace turn-around is the period following completion of tapping until the furnace is recharged for the next "heat") were done to produce Y 12 mm reinforced bars (rebars). For every "heat" done, tensile tests were carried out on the samples every after 15 minutes to establish the yield strength of the rebar. At least eight samples were tested in every "heat". It was observed that some samples showed low values of yield strength (<450 MPa) which falls short of the minimum guaranteed yield strength. It was further noted that the water flow rate in the water cooling chamber was far below 600 m³/h for this size of rebar in some cases. A series of these tests were conducted and the water flow rate adjusted in order to arrive at the optimum flow rate corresponding to the expected yield strength and microstructure. The quenching time in the water cooling chamber was in the range 0.1 to 0.5 seconds and the results obtained both for the tensile tests and microstructure after several adjustments to the flow rate in particular yielded optimum results consistent with prescribed standards.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Vincent Musonda AU - Esther Akinlabi AU - Tien-Chien Jen PY - 2017/04 DA - 2017/04 TI - Effect of Water flow Rate on the Yield Strength of a Reinforced bar BT - Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mechanics, Materials and Structural Engineering (ICMMSE 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 353 EP - 357 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icmmse-17.2017.58 DO - 10.2991/icmmse-17.2017.58 ID - Musonda2017/04 ER -