The Potential Risk of Viral Transmission Among Flying Foxes, Domestic Animals, and Humans in Southern Coast of West Java, Indonesia
Chaerul Basri, Etih Sudarnika, Abdul Zahid, Srihadi Agung Priyono, Retno D. Soejoedono, Eko M. Z. Arifin, Heru Susetya, Bambang Sumiarto, Yupadee Hengjan, Keisuke Iida, Hitoshi Takemae, Eiichi Hondo
Available Online July 2017.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icoh-17.2018.26How to use a DOI?
- flying foxes, bats, diseases, zoonoses, Garut, Indonesia
- Flying foxes have been considered to be involved in the transmission of serious infectious diseases to humans.This study aimed to know the direct and/or indirect contacts of flying foxes that live in the Indonesian natural conservation area, with domestic animals and humans living in the surrounding area, by the questionnaire. A survey of 150 respondents in 10 villages have been made.The area was grouped into; 1. inside the conservation area and within 1 km from the outer border of the conservation area, 2. 1-5 km and 3. 5-10 km away from the border.The respondents are consisted of community leaders, religious leaders, youth leaders, children health centres officers, and farmers/fisherman group leaders, in each village. Data were collected by direct interview using a structured questionnaire consisted of the characteristics (the age, sex, and/or job) of respondents, the histories of contacts between flying foxes and humans, dogs, and domestic animals,and the knowledge about infectious diseases, mainly rabies, in flying foxes. This study found that the flying foxes from conservation area often enter theresidential areas at night to look for foods, especially during the fruit season. In the residential area, flying foxes directly contact with humans and a few contacts with domestic animals, only dogs. The persons, who touched flying foxes, seldom use personal protective equipment such as leather gloves, goggles and hats. The Residents living around conservation area mostly have poor knowledge about flying foxes and disease transmission.This situation shows that the population in this region is quite high risk for contracting infectious diseases from flying foxes.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Chaerul Basri AU - Etih Sudarnika AU - Abdul Zahid AU - Srihadi Agung Priyono AU - Retno D. Soejoedono AU - Eko M. Z. Arifin AU - Heru Susetya AU - Bambang Sumiarto AU - Yupadee Hengjan AU - Keisuke Iida AU - Hitoshi Takemae AU - Eiichi Hondo PY - 2017/07 DA - 2017/07 TI - The Potential Risk of Viral Transmission Among Flying Foxes, Domestic Animals, and Humans in Southern Coast of West Java, Indonesia BT - 1st International Conference in One Health (ICOH 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icoh-17.2018.26 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icoh-17.2018.26 ID - Basri2017/07 ER -