Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)

Health Literacy Among Patients With Stage 2 Hypertension: A Survey in Rural Yogyakarta

Authors
Riana Rahmawati, Jasmien Aisya Sastiarini, Dhiyaulhaq ‘Aqilatul Fadhilah Hakim
Corresponding Author
Riana Rahmawati
Available Online 16 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.047How to use a DOI?
Keywords
health literacy, hypertension, rural, Posyandu lansia
Abstract

Stage 2 hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular events and should be treated adequately. Despite the importance of patient health literacy in hypertension management, data from patients living in rural areas are lacking. Objective: This study aimed to measure health literacy levels among patients with stage 2 hypertension in Dlingo subdistrict, Yogyakarta. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August–September 2019. Participants (N=108) were members of the Posyandu lansia, aged 45 years or more who were diagnosed with stage 2 hypertension at least 6 months before this study began. The Indonesian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) questionnaire (score range 0–11) and three screening questions (SQs) were used to assess the level of health literacy. All participants had a low level of formal education; none had graduated from junior high school. Most participants (85%) were categorized as having low literacy (REALM score 6). The average REALM score was 2.3 ± 3.3, and 64 patients (59%) had a score of 0. Only 20% of patients felt confident enough to complete health-related forms (SQ1), 77% perceived problems in understanding written materials (SQ2), and 61% needed some assistance for reading health information (SQ3). A higher level of formal education and younger age were associated with a higher REALM score (p<0.05). Inadequate health literacy is common among patients with hypertension living in rural areas. Tailored intervention strategies to increase the understandability of health information are needed.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
16 January 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-315-8
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.047How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Riana Rahmawati
AU  - Jasmien Aisya Sastiarini
AU  - Dhiyaulhaq ‘Aqilatul Fadhilah Hakim
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01/16
TI  - Health Literacy Among Patients With Stage 2 Hypertension: A Survey in Rural Yogyakarta
BT  - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 223
EP  - 227
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.047
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.047
ID  - Rahmawati2021
ER  -