Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)

Formulation and Antioxidant Effectivity Test of Single Bulb Black Garlic Lotion With DPPH Method (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl)

Authors
Abdul Aziz Setiawan, Meta Safitri, Dwi Titan Armiyani, Ghany Herianto, Edy Marwanta
Corresponding Author
Abdul Aziz Setiawan
Available Online 16 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Single bulb black garlic, lotion, antioxidant, DPPH
Abstract

Single bulb black garlic is a fermented product of single-bulb garlic for 30 days with a certain temperature and humidity. It experiences a Maillard reaction and has an increased content of active compounds. Single bulb black garlic contains secondary metabolites in the form of flavonoids, tannins, and saponins which have the potential as antioxidants so that they can inhibit free radicals and can be used as a substitute for synthetic antioxidants. Single bulb black garlic is formulated as an antioxidant lotion to facilitate its use. The objective of this study is to determine the optimal antioxidant activity in a lotion preparation containing single bulb black garlic on DPPH, to find out the concentration of single bulb black garlic which is effective as an antioxidant in a lotion preparation and to find out the best physical properties as a lotion preparation. This type of research is experimental research. Single bulb black garlic is formulated in four lotion formulas with concentrations of FI (0%), FII (1%), FIII (5%), and FIV (10%). Then, the antioxidant activity was tested on DPPH and IC50 values were calculated on the formula of 250.59 ppm, 118.77 ppm, 96 ppm, and 70.17 ppm, and physical evaluation was tested to discover results that met the physical requirements of lotion preparations (adhesion, organoleptic, homogeneity, lotion type, spread ability, viscosity, and pH). Statistical test results showed a significant difference in each group on antioxidant activity (p<0.05). The conclusion of this study found that a single bulb black garlic concentration of 10% had optimal antioxidant effectivity; the four formulas produced showed optimal antioxidant activity and the FII formula showed the best physical properties of the lotion.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
16 January 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-315-8
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Abdul Aziz Setiawan
AU  - Meta Safitri
AU  - Dwi Titan Armiyani
AU  - Ghany Herianto
AU  - Edy Marwanta
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01/16
TI  - Formulation and Antioxidant Effectivity Test of Single Bulb Black Garlic Lotion With DPPH Method (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl)
BT  - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 1
EP  - 7
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.001
ID  - Setiawan2021
ER  -