Political Opportunity, Mobilizing Structure, and Framing Process in Social Movement to Demand Special Autonomy in Yogyakarta 2010-2012
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.25How to use a DOI?
- social movement; pro-penetapan keistimewaan; political opportunity; mobilization structure; framing process.
This research discusses the social movement to demand the appointment of the Sultan of Yogyakarta as the governor through the enactment of the law on Special Autonomy of Yogyakarta Province, without a free and fair election like in any other regions in Indonesia. The movement has its roots in history since the New Order, where there were protests and demonstrations among the public over the uniformization of local government system, including in the mode of election. After reformasi 1998, there were demands for Sultan Hamengku Buwono and Paku Alam to be enthroned as Governor and Vice Governor of Yogyakarta Province without an election. The movement focused on the demands for the introduction of juridical rules governing the appointment of Sultan Hamengku Buwono and Paku Alam as Governor and Vice Governor of Yogyakarta. This research uses the new social movement theory, explaining the three factors of the movement, i.e. political opportunity, mobilization structure, and framing process. It explains how political opportunities and mobilization structures are formed, and how social movement actors develop strategies and interact with their environment in building a common understanding in order to prepare society and engage in social movements. The research method used is a qualitative method with case study approach. The findings of the research indicate that the social movement in the case of Pro-Penetapan Keistimewaan Yogyakarta movement is highly influenced by three factors. First, a political opportunity that creates opportunities for movement actors to take advantage of the momentum of the action. Second, the mobilization structure that represents the social structure of society. Third, the strategic framing process. These three factors strongly support the creation of social movements. The theoretical implications of this study illustrate partially anomalies in new social movement theories.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Andy Ilman Hakim AU - Meidi Kosandi PY - 2017/12 DA - 2017/12 TI - Political Opportunity, Mobilizing Structure, and Framing Process in Social Movement to Demand Special Autonomy in Yogyakarta 2010-2012 BT - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 163 EP - 173 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.25 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.25 ID - IlmanHakim2017/12 ER -