Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Physics

How Physics can help in understanding Cardiac Rhythms Predicting & Control of complex oscillatory behavior

Authors
Shiuan Ni Liang, Le Duy Manh, Wei Yin Chiang, Pik Yin Lai, C. K. Chan
Corresponding Author
Shiuan Ni Liang
Available Online October 2014.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icp-14.2014.1How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cardiac rhythm, frequency enhancement, ventricular fibrillations, cardiac alternans, nonlinear dynamics, time-series analysis.
Abstract
We discuss our recent theoretical and experimental work in cardiac systems. The first is about the rhythmic variation as the cardiac myocyte cell culture synchronized, and how it can be explained in terms of the frequency enhancement phenomenon in coupled excitable systems. Another work concerns the prediction of self-terminating ventricular fibrillations (VF) based on the analysis of time-series signals from ventricles and near the sinus atrial node by the cross-wavelet power spectrum and cross-Fourier power spectrum methods. The success rate of our prediction criteria is about 80-90%. Our findings suggest that a heart under VF can recover its sinus rhythm only when the sino-atrial node of the heart is not under strong influence of the VF from its ventricle. Finally the dramatic reduction of cardiac alternans by small perturbations in pacing scheme. Alternans are alternating long and short action potential durations in heart beats, which is a precursor of the fatal. Predictions and validity of this control method have been verified by both experiments performed with isolated heart preparations and numerical simulations. A nonlinear return map for this novel pacing scheme based on action potential duration restitution response is proposed to explain the working mechanism of the control. Extending this novel control method to general complex dynamics can be achieved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
International Conference on Physics 2014 (ICP-14)
Part of series
Advances in Physics Research
Publication Date
October 2014
ISBN
978-94-62520-38-7
ISSN
2352-541X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icp-14.2014.1How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Shiuan Ni Liang
AU  - Le Duy Manh
AU  - Wei Yin Chiang
AU  - Pik Yin Lai
AU  - C. K. Chan
PY  - 2014/10
DA  - 2014/10
TI  - How Physics can help in understanding Cardiac Rhythms Predicting & Control of complex oscillatory behavior
BT  - International Conference on Physics 2014 (ICP-14)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-541X
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icp-14.2014.1
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icp-14.2014.1
ID  - NiLiang2014/10
ER  -