Analysis of the effect of Individual, Familial and Environmental Factors on Family Stigma of Leprosy in Jombang regency, East Java Indonesia
- 10.2991/icpsuas-17.2018.34How to use a DOI?
- Individual factor; Family factor; Enviroment factor; family stigma; leprosy
Stigma is the process of marking or labeling toward unwanted characteristics that are not in line with social norms. The effect of stigma on family results in the loss of family support toward leprosy patients, from concealment to exile and cessation of leprosy treatment processes. Such condition makes the process of early discovery of leprosy patients difficult, creates self stigma in leprosy patients, disability and reduces the quality of the patients and all family members life. The purpose of the current study was to analyze the factors of patient, family and environment that may affect the family stigma. This current research used cross-sectional design. The research population were 49 leprosy families in six endemic Leprosy Puskesmas (local clinics) in Jombang regency of East Java. The samples were 39 families, taken using Multi Stage Random Sampling technique. The Hypothesis test used chi Square test with p-value <0,05 . The result of the research was that 29 (74,4%) experienced family stigma. From hypothesis test, it was obtained that the individual factors covering individual stigma, self concept and leprosy level affected the family stigma (P = 0,000). The familial factors involving familial support, family coping mechanisms, family knowledge and perceptions of leprosy affected the family stigma (P = 0,000), while economic status had no effect on the family stigma (P = 0.07). Of the Environmental factors, only the stigma of the community that affected the family stigma (P = 0.007). No stigma was given by health providers. The conclusion was that the individual, familial and environmental factors greatly affected the stigma of the family. Therefore it is suggested that the intervention to overcome the family stigma must concern with individual, familial and environmental factors.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Nasrudin - AU - Tjipto Suwandi AU - Cholichul Hadi PY - 2017/08 DA - 2017/08 TI - Analysis of the effect of Individual, Familial and Environmental Factors on Family Stigma of Leprosy in Jombang regency, East Java Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference Postgraduate School Universitas Airlangga : "Implementation of Climate Change Agreement to Meet Sustainable Development Goals" (ICPSUAS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 153 EP - 157 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icpsuas-17.2018.34 DO - 10.2991/icpsuas-17.2018.34 ID - -2017/08 ER -