Proceedings of the 1st International Conference Postgraduate School Universitas Airlangga : "Implementation of Climate Change Agreement to Meet Sustainable Development Goals" (ICPSUAS 2017)

May Allah's blessings be upon us all and peace and prosperity granted to all of you who attend here.

At this precious moment,let us first forward our grateful to GOD Almighty for His blessings which allow us to attend this precious conference. I also would like to express the warmest and heartfelt welcome to Keynote speakers, Plenaryspeakers, presenters, guests and participants to the opening of the 1st International Conference held by Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga with the following theme "Implementation of Climate Change Agreement to Meet Sustainable Development Goals".

Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,

Universitas Airlangga along with its long history in higher education particularly in science' and social science, has dedicated itself and has a strong commitment to boost the development in Indonesia in all sectors to enhance the awareness in environment, economy, and benefit the society.By carrying out the task, UniversitasAirlangga invites environmental experts, academics and researchers in this environmental conference with a main theme on climate change.

Through this forum, all issues with respect to climate change in the worldand its challenges will be explored and discussed to offer solutions to meet the global and future challenges with the spirit of education for all.

Ladies and gentlemen,

As we all know since the beginning of the 20th century the world has experienced global warming with a widespread impact on the environment. Disasters such as droughts, floods, landslides, and crop failures are instances the impact of global warming. Global Warming is the increase in air temperatures on the surface of the Earth and in the oceans that began in the 20th century and is predicted to continue to increase. Surprisingly, the global average temperature on Earth's surface has increased by 0.74 ± 0.18 ° C (1.33 ± 0.32 ° F) over the last hundred years. This is the fact.

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) that much of the increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is most likely due to increased concentrations of greenhouse gases due to human activities. This basic conclusion has been expressed by at least 30 scientific and academic bodies, including all the national science academies of the G8 nations. However, there are still some scientists who disagree with some of the conclusions put forward by the IPCC. Scientists use computer models of temperature, precipitation patterns, and atmospheric circulation to study global warming. Based on the model, scientists have made some forecasts about the impact of global warming on weather, sea level, beaches, agriculture, wildlife life and human health. NASA states that global warming is impacting the increasingly extreme changes in weather and climate of the earth. The pattern of rainfall varies unpredictably, causing flooding in one place, but drought elsewhere. New tropical cyclones and storms will emerge with a growing trend of strength. We realize how hot the temperature around us lately. We can also see how unpredictable the arrival of the rainy season or drought that resulted in losses for farmers because the planting season should be done in the dry season which actually should be in rainy season. We can also look at cases of extreme storms that have never hit certain regions in Indonesia. In recent years we are increasingly hit by storms that interfere with the voyages and transport of both via sea and air. To add more examples on the impact of global warming, we can also look at international news look at international news about natural disasters. Typhoon storms in Japan and the United States continue to break the record of wind speed, scale, and hurricane strength from year to year, rainfall and snow storms in China are also continuing to break new records year after year.

Those extreme changes in weather and climate in the earth have already happened, therefore the important thing we must do is the intensity of the occurrence should be reduced in as it is stated in Kyoto Protocol.It is an emission reduction mechanism whereby Annex I countries can divert emissions reductions through joint projects with the objective of reducing emissions due to human activities or that increase the greenhouse gas impregnation. This can be done with some requirements, most importantly that the activities are only additional to the steps taken at the national level to meet the emission reduction targets. The concept underlying this Kyoto mechanism is the classical economic theory that with the smallest possible input expected to obtain the greatest possible output, therefore joint implementation will prioritize the least costly or most profitable ways for those who invest their capital. Joint implementation activities will be funded by private sectors to produce ERU (Emission Reduction Unit). Therefore, along with Kyoto Protocol, all parties are no exception, should support to reduce the growth of climate change in order to decrease the impact on the environment. Whatever our profession as a citizen of the world, to reduce the growth of climate change needs actions which refers to sustain the environment. This is a form of our awareness to our environment, actions in a very common way such as planting trees, sparing green open space, reducing plastic waste, not all the land must be concretized/cemented must be done immediately without having to wait another time.

Those actions are actually part of the transformation of the agenda of Sustainable Development 2030 by United Nations. In this conference forum, it is expected to come up ideas and concepts that become the basis of the implementation of environmental awareness. Implementation of environmentally consciousness, particularly climate change, is expected to be practiced in the interconnected field which then targeting to the three dimensions of Sustainable Development: the economic, social and environment.

Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,

This first international conference on global warming held by UniversitasAirlangga will not be successful without the support from all parties which f mention earlier. Therefore, at this opportunity, I would liketo extend my deepest appreciation to the colleagues from Thailand, Japan, Malaysia, and Indonesia for collaboration to share their valuable thoughts and concepts in plenary forum, group discussions forum, and workshops, and scientific publications. At the same time, I would like also to express thankfulness to the presenters and participants who have spent their valuable time for great participation to this conference. And certainly my gratitude goes to sponsors for valuable contributions and the organizing committee for painstaking and hardworking to make this conference success. Thank you very much for your kind attention.

Surabaya, August 1st, 2017

Prof. Dr. Mochammad Nasich, S.E., MT., Ak, CA