ANTIMICROBIAL USAGE SURVEILLANCE OF CATTLE IN INDONESIA TO ADDRESS ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icpsuas-17.2018.77How to use a DOI?
- AMU, surveillance, cattle
Antibiotics in animals are used for treat infections, preventions, and growth promoters. However, these practice resulting the emergence of resistant bacteria and the widespread of AMR strains. The objectives of this study is to create a baseline information of AMU for cattle in Indonesia by using iSIKHNAS. Materials for this study consisted of antibiotic treatment data in iSIKHNAS from 2014 to 2016, animal health officer data, and Index of animal drugs 2016. Data analysis consisted of description of AMU in cattle, syndromes associated with AMU, identifying the actors, and VCIA analysis. There were 70498 treatments for cattle and it was increased from 2014 to 2016. Monthly treatment pattern was always increased from September to December. Oxytetracyclin was the most common active molecule used in the treatment with 60.99%. Bacterial disease were treated by antibiotic only on 9.39% of the treatments and most of antibiotics were used for non bacterial disease such as viral and parasitic disease. 30.49% of antibiotic treatment were provided by veterinarians with 699 persons and 67.57% by paravets with 1497 persons. Animal health officer showed good result for defining diagnosis from clinical signs, however the problem is actors drug of choice as antibiotic commonly used for non-therapeutic applications. Tetracycline was the most common antibiotic class used with 61.96%, and 99.56% of antibiotic used for cattle classified as VCIA. Important informations found were AMU was commonly used to treat non bacterial disease, problem of actors knowledge and limited number of veterinarian, and most of antibiotic used classified as VCIA.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Havan Yusuf AU - Syafrison Idris AU - Mathilde Paul PY - 2017/08 DA - 2017/08 TI - ANTIMICROBIAL USAGE SURVEILLANCE OF CATTLE IN INDONESIA TO ADDRESS ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE BT - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference Postgraduate School Universitas Airlangga : "Implementation of Climate Change Agreement to Meet Sustainable Development Goals" (ICPSUAS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 355 EP - 359 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icpsuas-17.2018.77 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icpsuas-17.2018.77 ID - Yusuf2017/08 ER -