Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences (ICSS 2018)

Observing Social Deference in Two Societies

Authors
Majid Wajdi, Palus Subiyanto, I Made Sumartana
Corresponding Author
Majid Wajdi
Available Online October 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-18.2018.123How to use a DOI?
Keywords
non-solidary, social deference, deference politeness, non-intimacy, speech level
Abstract

It is undeniable that the existence of the language of local languages of Indonesia, the language of Java and Bali, cannot be separated from the co-existence of their speech levels, low and high speech levels. These two co-variations, low and high code, enable the speakers to show intimacy, deference, and hierarchy among the members of society in their speech communities. Low and high codes have become codes of communication in these hierarchical societies [1, 2, 3]. This paper discusses patterns of use of high code in the language of Java and Bali which enables their speakers to show their social deference between or among the participants in a speech event in these social and speech communities of Java and Bali. The symmetrical use of high speech level shows the communication pattern of deference or non-intimate symmetric communication. In non-intimate communication: two speakers use high code to show social marker of deference and it means two members of social societies exercise social distance (+D) but with/without power difference (-P) between or among the participants, and it is the reflection of deference politeness. Finding of the research shows that symmetrical use of high code in two societies emphasized deference and non-solidary because of no-power difference and social distance. The patterned use of high code, both in the language of Java and Bali, indicates clearly that politeness in hierarchical societies is not merely a communication strategy, but it is a kind of social and lingual agreements between or among the members of the social community as well as the members of lingual community [1, 2, 3]. Using a certain code of communication is the speakers’ rights and obligations in hierarchical societies of Java and Bali

Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Download article (PDF)

Volume Title
Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences (ICSS 2018)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
October 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-588-7
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-18.2018.123How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Majid Wajdi
AU  - Palus Subiyanto
AU  - I Made Sumartana
PY  - 2018/10
DA  - 2018/10
TI  - Observing Social Deference in Two Societies
BT  - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences (ICSS 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 619
EP  - 624
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-18.2018.123
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-18.2018.123
ID  - Wajdi2018/10
ER  -