Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (ICSSIS 2018)

Identification of the Physical Characteristics of Mangrove Ecosystems in the Coastal Area of Pantai Labu Subdistrict, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra

Authors
Eni Yuniastuti, Anik Juli Dwi Astuti, Nahor Simanungkalit
Corresponding Author
Eni Yuniastuti
Available Online May 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.79How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Mangrove ecosystem, physical characteristics, coastal area
Abstract
This research was carried out in the Coastal area of Pantai Labu Subdistrict , Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra. The purpose this research is to identify the requirements for mangrove growth and development based on aspects of slope, soil, water, sea tide, and climate in Coastal area of Pantai Labu District. The method which used in this research were survey methods, data collection by sampling, and data analysis with qualitative. Data were obtained by field and institutional survey. The data were collected by observation, interview, measurement with tools, and map/ image interpretation. The research variables used in this study are physical factors requirements for the growth and development of mangrove research areas. The results of this study indicate the physical conditions of growth and development of mangroves in the Coastal area of Pantai Labu Subdistrict can be seen from (a) aspects of slope criteria: the study area is included in the sloping category with slope class 0-2%, (b) soil conditions criteria: soil texture is debris clay and the soil pH ranges from 5.60 to 7.00, (c) frequency of water conditions: water pH ranges from 5.35 to 7.36, salt content (ppt) ranges from <0.01 ‰ to 26 ‰, and temperatures range from 29.00 ºC to 34.40 ºC, (d) tidal criteria: including the class of micropases with tidal range <2 m, inundation height <2.00 m, and inundation frequency 57 - 62 per month, and (e) climatic conditions criteria: annual rainfall of 2,230.80 mm/ year, number of annual rainy days of 203 days, number of wet months 9 and number of dry months 0, average annual temperature of 26.91ºC, average air humidity the average per year ranges from 87.91%, and the average solar radiation per year 5.16 hours.
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Proceedings
1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (ICSSIS 2018)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
May 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-719-5
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.79How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Eni Yuniastuti
AU  - Anik Juli Dwi Astuti
AU  - Nahor Simanungkalit
PY  - 2019/05
DA  - 2019/05
TI  - Identification of the Physical Characteristics of Mangrove Ecosystems in the Coastal Area of Pantai Labu Subdistrict, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra
BT  - 1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (ICSSIS 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 381
EP  - 387
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.79
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.79
ID  - Yuniastuti2019/05
ER  -